Is there a legislative committee (or other appropriate body) responsible for defence budget scrutiny and analysis in an effective way?
13a. Formal rights
Burkina Faso score: 50/100
No such legislative committee exists, or it lacks any formal powers over the defence budget.
There is a defence committee with formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget, but lacks some of the powers listed in score 4.
There is a defence committee with extensive formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget. The committee has the power to scrutinise any aspect of budget and expenditures. The committee is in a position to require expert witnesses to appear in front of it.
The scrutiny of the national budget in general and the defence budget, in particular, falls under the purview of the Finance and Budget Committee (COMFIB) (1). Every year, the COMFIB receives the budget of all government institutions. It then reviews each budget, makes edits and recommendations, and propose solutions. When necessary, the COMFIB requests information and technical proposals from other committees (2). For example, the COMFID often requests an explanation from the Defence and Security Committee (CODES), asking for assistance in analyzing the defence budget (3). Therefore, the parliamentary committee, which scrutinizes the defence budget is primarily the COMFIB, and other committees are subsidiaries if their help is requested.
1. “Commissions générales: Commission Finance et Budget (COMFIB),” Assemblée Nationale, 2016, accessed April 6, 2018, https://www.assembleenationale.bf/Attribution-34.
2. Member of the Defence and Security Committee of the Parliament, interview by author, June 5, 2018.
3. Member of the Defence and Security Committee of the Parliament, interview by author, June 12, 2018.
13b. Influence on decision-making
Burkina Faso score: 50/100
The defence committee has no impact on defence budget decision-making.
The committee reviews the defence budget, but fails to take advantage of its formal powers of scrutiny. It may exercise informal influence over the budget in the case of no formal powers.
The committee reviews the defence budget and attempts to influence budgetary decisions through formal mechanisms, but these attempts are limited.
The committee performs all the functions of score 4, but this may not be in a timely fashion or there may be clear instances where the committee fails to scrutinise effectively aspects of the budget before the start of the fiscal year.
The committee has introduced amendments to the budget and there is evidence that in some instances these have resulted in changes to the budget. The committee engages in mid-year expenditure review and can strike out expenditures before they are incurred.
The Finance and Budget Committee (COMFIB) is responsible for conducting scrutiny on the defence budget (1). However, the COMFIB lacks sufficient power to influence decision-making regarding the defence sector budget (2). The incapacity of the COMFIB to influence decisions when conducting scrutiny over the defence budget also stems from a failure of the separation of powers, and from a legislative system that still heavily depends on the government. BTI (3), has already pointed this out by claiming that the “institutional separation of powers between the executive, legislative and judicial branches is guaranteed in the constitution, but has been significantly limited in practical terms” (3).
1. Member of the Defence and Security Committee of the Parliament, interview by author, June 5, 2018.
2. “Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index 2015,” Transparency International: Defence and Security Program, 2015. http://government.defenceindex.org/generate-report.php?country_id=6265.
3. “BTI 2016: Burkina Faso Country Report,” Transformation Index BTI, https://www.bti-project.org/fileadmin/files/BTI/Downloads/Reports/2016/pdf/BTI_2016_Burkina_Faso.pdf.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||13a. Formal rights||13b. Influence on decision-making|
|Algeria||0 / 100||NA|
|Angola||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||NA|
|Ghana||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||NA|
|Kuwait||75 / 100||0 / 100|
|Lebanon||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Mali||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||NA|
|Niger||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||NA|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||NA|
|Tunisia||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||NA|