Is the legislature (or the appropriate legislative committee or members of the legislature) given full information for the budget year on the spending of all secret items relating to national security and military intelligence?
Algeria score: 0/100
The legislature is provided with no information on spending on secret items.
The legislature is provided with very limited or abbreviated information on secret items, or expenditure on secret items is entirely aggregated.
The legislature is provided with information on spending on secret items, but description of expenditures is generalised into categories, or some data is presented in an aggregated manner.
The legislature is generally provided with extensive information on spending on secret items, which includes detailed, line item descriptions of expenditures, and disaggregated data. However, there are some omissions of information.
The appropriate legislative committee or members of the legislature are provided with extensive information on all spending on secret items, which includes detailed, line item descriptions of all expenditures, and disaggregated data.
There is no evidence that parliament receives a full briefing on expenditures on secret items relating to national security and military intelligence. The websites of both chambers do not provide any information (1), (2).
The areas of national security and intelligence are mainly under the authority of the executive. According to Art. 91 of the constitution, the President of the Republic is responsible for national defence. The presidents of both chambers have only a consolatory status (see Art. 105 and Art. 109) (3). In 2016, President Bouteflika restructured the Department of Intelligence and Security (Département du Renseignement et de la Sécurité, DRS) and established a new security agency, the Direction of Security Services (Direction des services sécuritaires, DSS), which is reportedly now under his control (4). The DSS was established by an unpublished presidential decree (5), (6), underlining how secret the service works. There is hardly any information available about the intelligence services.
1) apn.dz. Accessed November 1, 2018. http://www.apn.dz/fr/.
2) majliselouma.dz. Accessed November 1, 2018. http://www.majliselouma.dz/index.php/ar/.
3) Constitution of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, Second Title, “The Organization of Powers”, Chapter I “Executive Power”, Art. 91, 105, 109. (2016). https://www.joradp.dz/trv/fcons.pdf.
4) Lamine Chikhi. “Algeria’s Bouteflika dissolves DRS spy unit, creates new agency: sources”, reuters.com, January, 25, 2016. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-algeria-security-idUSKCN0V31PU.
5) Farid Alilat. “Algérie : les habits neufs des services secrets”, jeuneafrique.com, March 14, 2016. Accessed October 22, 2018. https://www.jeuneafrique.com/mag/307555/politique/algerie-habits-neufs-services-secrets/.
6) “Services secrets/ La DSS, une naissance et des interrogations”, algerie-focus.com, January 16, 2018. Accessed October 17, 2018. https://www.algerie-focus.com/2016/01/134474/.
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|Algeria||0 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||0 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||0 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100|
|Iraq||25 / 100|
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|Kuwait||25 / 100|
|Lebanon||25 / 100|
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|Niger||25 / 100|
|Nigeria||25 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100|
|Palestine||0 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||0 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100|