Is the defence budget transparent, showing key items of expenditure? And it is provided to the legislature in a timely fashion?
Algeria score: 25/100
There is no information available about the budget.
A topline figure is published for the defence budget, but it is not broken down into functions or areas.
The defence budget may be completely missing areas listed in score 4, or information that is provided is highly aggregated or vague for most functions.
The defence budget contains comprehensive information on expenditure across functions, but information on some functions listed in score 4 may be not be available in disaggregated form.
The defence budget contains comprehensive and disaggregated information on expenditure across functions. Information includes personnel (salaries, allowances), military R&D, training, construction, procurement/acquisitions, maintenance of equipment, disposal of assets, and administrative expenses (Ministry of Defence or other services).
The finance laws only list the topline figures for the defence budget, it is not broken down into functions or areas (1), (2), (3). Generally, the Open Budget Survey of 2017 scores Algeria 3 out of 100 and states that Algeria provides the public with scant budget information (4).
1) Finance Law for 2018, No. 17-11 (December 27, 2017) p. 65. Accessed October 17, 2018.
2) Finance Law for 2017, No. 16-14 (December 28, 2016) p. 63. Accessed October 17, 2018. https://www.mfdgi.gov.dz/images/pdf/lois_de_finances/LF2017_f.pdf.
3) Finance Law for 2016, No. 15-18 (December 30, 2015) p. 38. Accessed October 17, 2018.
4) Open Budget Survey 2017: Algeria. Internationalbudget.org. Accessed October 17, 2018. https://www.internationalbudget.org/wp-content/uploads/algeria-open-budget-survey-2017-summary-english.pdf.
Algeria score: 25/100
The legislature either receives no information, or it receives misleading or inaccurate information on proposed defence expenditures.
The legislature receives an accurate defence budget proposal less than two months before the start of the budget year.
The legislature receives an accurate defence budget proposal between 2-4 months before the start of the budget year.
Based on publicly available information, the Algerian parliament receives a proposal on the general budget about three months before the beginning of the budget year. However, it is unclear if the two chambers get a more detailed account of the government’s spending other than the aggregated figures mentioned in question 12A.
According to Algeria’s constitution (Art. 138), the parliament shall adopt the finance law within 75 days at the latest from the date of its presentation (1). For the finance law for the budget year of 2018, the Council of Ministers adopted it at the end of September 2017, which was also when the Prime Minister presented the proposal at the Upper House of the Algerian parliament, the Council of the Nation (2) (3). It was discussed in the Lower House, the APN, at the end of November 2017 (4) and adopted a few days later (5). The Council of the Nation adopted the law a few days later, December 11, 2017 (6). The timeline of the legislative process suggests that all parliamentarians of both chambers receive an accurate defence budget proposal at the latest two months before the start of the budget year (January 2018). The reporting also suggests that this procedure is in accordance with the regulation based on the organization act that fixes the organization and function of the APN and the Council of Nation with the government. According to Art. 44, the parliament shall adopt the draft finance bill within 75 days of its presentation at the latest. The APN shall vote on the draft finance bill no later than 47 days from the date of its submission. The Council of the Nation adopts the voted text within a maximum period of 20 days (7). However, no information could be found on whether parliamentarians receive disaggregated figures for government spending. A news report on the Commission of Finance suggests that the commission does not receive a detailed account (8).
1) Constitution of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria. Second Title, “The Organization of Powers”, Chapter II “Legislative Power”, Art. 138. (2016). https://www.joradp.dz/trv/fcons.pdf.
2) Arezki Benali. “Projet de loi de finances 2018: Répartition du budget de fonctionnement”, algerie-eco.com, Octobre 7, 2017. Accessed November 2, 2018. https://www.algerie-eco.com/2017/10/07/projet-de-loi-de-finances-2018-repartition-budget-de-fonctionnement/.
3) Salami Youcef. “L’avant-project de loi de finances a été adopté hier en reunion du government. Ce qui va augmenter en 2018,” liberte-algerie.com, September 28, 2018. Accessed November 2, 2018. https://www.liberte-algerie.com/actualite/ce-qui-va-augmenter-en-2018-278211.
4) Lyes Khaldoun. “Projet de loi de finances pour 2018 : 16 articles font l’objet d’amendements”, algeriepatriotique.com, November 22, 2017. Accessed November 2, 2018.
5) “Le projet de loi de finances 2018 adopté par l’APN”, liberte-algerie.com , November 26, 2017. Accessed November 2, 2018. https://www.liberte-algerie.com/actualite/le-projet-de-loi-de-finances-2018-adopte-par-lapn-photos-281982.
6) “Budgets, taxes, recettes fiscales : tous les chiffres qu’il faut connaître sur la loi de finances 2018”, algeriepart.com, December 12, 2017. Accessed November 12, 2018. https://algeriepart.com/2017/12/12/budgets-taxes-recettes-fiscales-chiffres-quil-faut-connaitre-loi-de-finance/.
7) Organization Act no. 99-02 (March 8, 1999), “Fixing the organisation and functioning of the National People’s Assembly and the Council of the Nation as well as functional relationships between the Houses of Parliament and the Government”, Section 3 “Voting Procedures”, Art. 44. Accessed November 1, 2018. http://www.mrp.gov.dz/Ministere/loi%20organique%2004(texte).Fr.html.
8) “Le projet de loi de finances 2018 soumis à la commission des finances et de budget”, Website of the APN, October 2017. Accessed November 1, 2018. http://www.apn.dz/fr/plus/liens-importants/actualite-institutionnelle/2510-le-projet-de-loi-de-finances-2018-soumis-a-la-commission-des-finances-et-de-budget.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||12a. Comprehensiveness||12b. Timeliness|
|Algeria||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Angola||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cameroon||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Ghana||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Iraq||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Jordan||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Kuwait||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Lebanon||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Mali||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Morocco||50 / 100||NEI|
|Niger||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Nigeria||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Oman||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Palestine||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Qatar||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||25 / 100||100 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||25 / 100||0 / 100|