What procedures and standards are companies required to have – such as compliance programmes and business conduct programmes – in order to be able to bid for work for the Ministry of Defence or armed forces?
62a. Formal policies
Italy score: 75/100
There are no laws or procedures detailing how the government discriminates in its selection of suppliers and sub-contractors, and suppliers or sub-contractors are not required to sign anti-corruption clauses in contracts with the government.
There are no laws or procedures detailing how the government discriminates in its selection of suppliers and sub-contractors, but periodically suppliers or sub-contractors may be required to sign anti-corruption clauses in contracts with the government.
There may be laws and procedures detailing how the government discrminates in its selection of suppliers and sub-contractors. Some anti-corruption standards are included in the main contract or subcontracts throughout the supply chain.
There are laws and procedures detailing how the government discriminates in its selection of suppliers and sub-contractors on the basis of their integrity. Companies may be required to show that they have a formal and publicly declared anti-corruption programme in place, but some minimum standards are not specified. These standards are included in the main contract as well as subcontracts throughout the supply chain.
There are laws and procedures detailing how the government discriminates in its selection of suppliers and sub-contractors on the basis of their integrity. For example, suppliers and sub-contractors are required to show that they have a formal and publicly declared anti-corruption programme in place that adheres to minimum standards established and specified by the procurement authority. The substance of the programme and standards are included in the main contract as well as subcontracts throughout the supply chain.
Decision 72/2013 of the National Anticorruption Agency  set the legal basis for the national anticorruption plan. According to the plan, the observance of integrity pacts and legality protocols form a pre-requisite to participate in biddings. Prior to this legislation, article 1.17 of law 190/2012  already foresaw the possibility for the contracting authority to include clauses related to the observance of anticorruption practices. Legality protocols are also implicitly referred to, by the combined provisions of art. 32 and 80 of the Code for public procurement  that set the selections criteria and exclusion grounds. Finally, according to Decree of the President of the Republic 62/2013 , all suppliers of the public administration are subject to compliance with the code of conduct of the personnel of the public administration, including clauses on anticorruption and bribery.
Integrity pacts are to be stipulated between the company and the contracting authority prior to the determination of the bidding and contain specifications on the standards companies need to satisfy. Once the best bidding proposal is selected, the pact is attached to the contract and is legally binding. This pre-requisite applies also for subcontractors. Both contractors and sub-contractors also need to be registered to the Chamber of Commerce . However, even though companies do publish code of conduct and ethic plans that include anticorruption clauses, there is no legal reference on the requirement “to show that they have a formal and publicly declared anti-corruption programme”.
 National Anticorruption Agency, “Decision n. 72 of 11 September 2013”, https://www.anticorruzione.it/portal/public/classic/AttivitaAutorita/AttiDellAutorita/_Atto?id=0a59061e0a7780427ddf3f0e831e2ef3
 Official Gazzette of the Italian Republic, “Law 6 November 2012, n. 190”, https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2012/11/13/012G0213/sg
 Official Gazzette of the Italian Republic, “Legislative decree 18 April 2016, n. 50”, https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/atto/serie_generale/caricaDettaglioAtto/originario?atto.dataPubblicazioneGazzetta=2016-04-19&atto.codiceRedazionale=16G00062
 Official Gazzette of the Italian Republic, “Decree of the President of the Republic 16 April 2013, n. 62”, https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2013/06/04/13G00104/sg
 See for example: Ministry of Defence, “SMD – General Administration Office – Restricted procedure for the supply of spare parts for vehicles and equipment for workshops, for the needs of the Interforce Maneuvering Regiment, for the four-year period 2020-2023”, last updated 1 September 2020, (last accessed on 30 November 2020), https://www.difesa.it/Amministrazionetrasparente/SMD/bandi/avvisi_bandi_inviti/Pagine/SMD_bando_di_gara_fornitura_ricambi_remadife.aspx
62b. Consistent implementation
Italy score: 100/100
There is evidence that these policies and laws are not implemented.
There is evidence that these policies and laws are rarely implemented.
There is evidence that these policies and laws are sometimes implemented.
There is evidence that these policies and laws are consistently implemented, but not always i.e. for strategically important suppliers.
There is evidence that these policies and laws are consistently implemented, including for strategically important suppliers.
The observance of policies and laws is ensured by the controls the administration carries out before the allocation of the contract. On the website of the Ministry of Defence it is possible to access the list of controls that are performed . Moreover, by accessing the call for tender, it is possible to see that these requirements are included in the text . Strategically important suppliers, as any other supplier, are required by law to satisfy these standards. In addition, all companies are required to comply with legislative decree 231/2001 that regulates all administrative responsibility of the legal subject, including cases of corruption .
In the case of Leonardo Spa, the company received certification UNI ISO 37001:2016 “Anti-bribery and Management System” in order to prevent and contrast eventual illegal practices. According to this certification, there are some additional procedures that the company needs to implement (among others segregation of responsibilities, impartiality and absence of conflicts of interest, tracking and archive of activities, clarity and simplicity of duties and responsibilities) . Fincantieri is in the process to acquire the aforementioned certification .
 Ministry of Defence, “List of types of controls”, https://www.difesa.it/Amministrazionetrasparente/segredifesa/terrarm/Pagine/Elencotipologiedicontrollo.aspx
 Ministry of Defence, “Contract award procedure”, https://www.difesa.it/Amministrazionetrasparente/SMD/bandi/avvisi_bandi_inviti/Pagine/SMD_bando_di_gara_servizi_manutenzione_automezzi_remadife.aspx
 Official Gazette of the Italian Republic, “Legislative decree 231/2001”, https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2001/06/19/001G0293/sg
 Leonardo, “Leonardo, first of the world top ten companies in the ASD sector to obtain ISO 37001:2016 “Anti bribery management system” certification”, 24 July 2018, https://www.leonardocompany.com/it/press-release-detail/-/detail/leonardo-anti-bribery-anticorruzione-iso-37001 (last accessed on 30 November 2020)
 Fincantieri, “Business ethics”, https://www.fincantieri.com/it/governance/etica-dimpresa/ (last accessed on 30 November 2020)
Compare scores by country
Please view this page on a larger screen for the full stats.
|Country||62a. Formal policies||62b. Consistent implementation|
|Albania||0 / 100||NA|
|Algeria||0 / 100||NA|
|Angola||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Argentina||0 / 100||NA|
|Armenia||50 / 100||75 / 100|
|Australia||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Azerbaijan||0 / 100||NA|
|Bahrain||0 / 100||NA|
|Bangladesh||0 / 100||NA|
|Belgium||75 / 100||NEI|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||25 / 100||50 / 100|
|Botswana||0 / 100||NA|
|Brazil||25 / 100||75 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||0 / 100||NA|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||NA|
|Canada||0 / 100||NA|
|Chile||0 / 100||NA|
|China||0 / 100||50 / 100|
|Colombia||0 / 100||NA|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Denmark||50 / 100||75 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||NA|
|Estonia||25 / 100||50 / 100|
|Finland||25 / 100||NEI|
|France||25 / 100||50 / 100|
|Germany||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Ghana||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Greece||50 / 100||75 / 100|
|Hungary||0 / 100||NA|
|India||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Indonesia||75 / 100||75 / 100|
|Iran||0 / 100||NA|
|Iraq||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Israel||50 / 100||NEI|
|Italy||75 / 100||100 / 100|
|Japan||75 / 100||100 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||NA|
|Kenya||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Kosovo||25 / 100||50 / 100|
|Kuwait||0 / 100||NA|
|Latvia||50 / 100||75 / 100|
|Lebanon||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Lithuania||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Malaysia||25 / 100||NA|
|Mali||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|Mexico||0 / 100||NA|
|Montenegro||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||NA|
|Myanmar||0 / 100||NA|
|Netherlands||25 / 100||75 / 100|
|New Zealand||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Niger||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||0 / 100||NA|
|North Macedonia||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Norway||75 / 100||100 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||NA|
|Philippines||25 / 100||50 / 100|
|Poland||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Portugal||0 / 100||NA|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA|
|Russia||0 / 100||NA|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||NA|
|Serbia||0 / 100||NA|
|Singapore||50 / 100||75 / 100|
|South Africa||50 / 100||NEI|
|South Korea||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|South Sudan||0 / 100||NA|
|Spain||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Sudan||0 / 100||NA|
|Sweden||25 / 100||75 / 100|
|Switzerland||75 / 100||NEI|
|Taiwan||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Tanzania||50 / 100||NEI|
|Thailand||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||25 / 100||100 / 100|
|Turkey||0 / 100||NA|
|Uganda||0 / 100||NA|
|Ukraine||50 / 100||75 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||25 / 100||NA|
|United Kingdom||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|United States||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Venezuela||0 / 100||NA|
|Zimbabwe||25 / 100||NEI|