Does the public trust the institutions of defence and security to tackle the issue of bribery and corruption in their establishments?
Portugal score: NS/100
The public view the defence establishment as entirely indifferent to corruption within it, or as clearly corrupt, without the political will to tackle the problem.
The public view is that bribery and corruption are not, according to official rhetoric, acceptable to the defence establishment, but there is a widely-held belief that this is just that: rhetoric, and not seriously intended.
The public view is that bribery and corruption, though not acceptable to the defence establishment, is insufficiently addressed by the measures in place to tackle the problem.
This indicator is not scored. Please discuss conditions in the country context related to good practice (Score 4).
The public view is that there is a clear commitment from the defence establishment that bribery and corruption are not acceptable and must be prosecuted, and that their efforts to tackle the problem are sincere and effective.
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI.
The latest Global Corruption Barometer does not provide specific information on perceptions of corruption in defence and security institutions. A Standard Eurobarometer time series suggests that public trust in those institutions remains high, although it is declining . An additional report suggests that the armed forces remain trustworthy to a non-representative sample of Portuguese respondents , but no specific details on bribery or corruption were given.
There are indications of a lack of trust related to the Tancos case and Operation Zeus. The former is an ongoing trial around the theft of firearms from an army warehouse which eventually implicated the then-incumbent minister of defence. The Parliament conducted an investigation, and the criminal court case is ongoing as of November 2020. The latter was a mid-scale procurement corruption case in Airforce mess halls that involved over fifty military members, including highly ranked officers. The media response was very large concerning both, but no large-scale survey on the effect of these cases on public trust and the military was conducted.
1. “Eurobarometer,” European Union, accessed 9 May 2020, https://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/Chart/getChart/chartType/lineChart//themeKy/18/groupKy/82/savFile/911.
2. “Estudo da Sociedade Portuguesa – Novembro 2017: Confiança em Instituições e Avaliação de Serviços Públicos,” (Observatory of Portuguese Society – November 2017: Trust in Institutions and Evaluation of Public Services), Universidade Católica Portuguesa, November 2017, accessed 9 May 2020, https://www.clsbe.lisboa.ucp.pt/5a72f9e7e5ea3-cea-osp-confianca-em-instituicoes-nov17.
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|Bosnia and Herzegovina||NS|
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