Is the defence budget transparent, showing key items of expenditure? And it is provided to the legislature in a timely fashion?
Qatar score: 25/100
There is no information available about the budget.
A topline figure is published for the defence budget, but it is not broken down into functions or areas.
The defence budget may be completely missing areas listed in score 4, or information that is provided is highly aggregated or vague for most functions.
The defence budget contains comprehensive information on expenditure across functions, but information on some functions listed in score 4 may be not be available in disaggregated form.
The defence budget contains comprehensive and disaggregated information on expenditure across functions. Information includes personnel (salaries, allowances), military R&D, training, construction, procurement/acquisitions, maintenance of equipment, disposal of assets, and administrative expenses (Ministry of Defence or other services).
In 2018, the Qatari government announced its overall budget for 2018, however, the budget does not include any breakdown. The website of the Ministry of Finance includes some information about the overall governmental budget . The website includes brief descriptions for allocations for certain areas, such as the education sector, healthcare sector, transportation and infrastructure, in addition to some information about revenue and expenditure, but does not include further details. The budget that is publicly available includes no information whatsoever on defence budgets and expenditures. A report carried out by Open Budget Survey in 2012, highlights that Qatar severely lacks transparency, in relation to its governmental budgets, including the defence budget . Qatar’s defence budget is linked directly to the Emir office and, therefore, it is difficult to be precise about what exactly is included. [3,4,5]
(1) The Ministry of Finance, accessed October 16, 2018, https://bit.ly/2CpG04M.
(2)” Open Budget Survey, 2012″, International Budget Partnership (IBP), accessed October 8, 2018, https://bit.ly/2OAjwFy.
(3) Global Fire Power, 2018, accessed: October 10, 2018, https://bit.ly/2OxuzPz.
(4)Interview, Researcher, NA, May 5-7, 2019.
(5)Interview, Qatari Military Officer, Doha, Qatar, May 7-9, 2019.
Qatar score: 0/100
The legislature either receives no information, or it receives misleading or inaccurate information on proposed defence expenditures.
The legislature receives an accurate defence budget proposal less than two months before the start of the budget year.
The legislature receives an accurate defence budget proposal between 2-4 months before the start of the budget year.
There is no evidence that the legislature (the Shura Council), represented by the Advisory Council, receives any information in relation to defence budget. In theory, the Shura Council should approve the budget, prepared by the executives . The 2018 budget was approved on December 13, 2017, by the Emir through law no. 25 (2017), but there is no evidence whether this budget had been discussed, debated or approved by the Shura Council . A Freedom House report revealed that although the State Audit Bureau prepares budgets and accounts for government institutions, it does not share their full details with the public or the appointed Advisory Council . There is no evidence of the legislature receiving misleading or inaccurate information on proposed defence expenditures [3,4].
(1) “Hukoomi: Qatar e Government”, accessed October 15, 2018, https://bit.ly/2Ai6q73.
(2) “Qatar Country Report, 2018”, Freedom house, accessed October 15, 2018, https://bit.ly/2IE1pbu.
(3)Interview, Researcher, NA, May 5-7, 2019.
(4)Interview, Qatari Military Officer, Doha, Qatar, May 7-9, 2019.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||12a. Comprehensiveness||12b. Timeliness|
|Algeria||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Angola||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cameroon||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Ghana||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Jordan||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Kuwait||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Lebanon||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Mali||50 / 100||100 / 100|
|Morocco||50 / 100||NEI|
|Niger||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Nigeria||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Oman||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Palestine||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Qatar||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||25 / 100||100 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||25 / 100||0 / 100|