Are actual defence purchases made public?
Tunisia score: 25/100
Defence purchases are rarely (if ever) made public, even though an aggregate total spend may be disclosed.
Some defence purchases are not made public, and there is no security justification as to why this information is withheld.
Some defence purchases are not made public. Security or confidentiality is often given as a reason for such secrecy but this is partly, but not fully, justified.
Defence purchases are made public with almost no exceptions. Most of the information listed in score 4 is released, but some information is in aggregate or abbreviated form.
Defence purchases are made public in detail, with almost no exceptions. Very little data from the tender/contract is redacted for national security reasons. For both confidential and non-confidential purchases, there is disclosure of the tender and the contract award. For the contract, there is a description of the item purchased, the winning bidder, the beneficial owners, price paid, whole of lifecycle costs, cost of servicing, costs of parts, and delivery/completion date.
According to our sources, strategic purchases are usually published online before the actual purchases occur. However, other items such as ammunitions may not be published online as they are treated with confidentiality(1,2). In almost all cases, donations are made publicly , but with actual purchases it is not clear if they are published. As our sources confirmed, not all purchased items are publicly announced. A review of the Tunisian press showed that major defence purchases are announced in the media, such as the purchase of two new patrol boats from a Dutch company, (3) the reception of 9 armored vehicles offered by the USA, (4) the reception of an American ship for the surveillance of maritime borders, (5)and the reception of 6 US combat helicopters for counterterrorism (6). Other details on defence purchases can be found through external, publicly available sources (7). However, information on confidential purchases (data on contracts, bidders, etc.) can not be found through official publications.
(1)Interview T4, Tunis Armed Forces, Tunis, 21-24 July 2019
(2)Interview T5, Accontant, MoD, Tunis, 25-26 July 2019
(3)”La Marine nationale dotée de nouveaux patrouilleurs.” Webdo. 27 June, 2018. https://bit.ly/2Zb8ibD
(4)”Réception de 9 blindés offerts par les USA.” Mosaique FM. 25 June, 2018. https://bit.ly/2YlX3Md
(5)”La Marine réceptionne un bateau américain destiné à la surveillance des frontières maritimes.” Tunisie Numerique. 7 July, 2017. https://bit.ly/2Y60tYu
(6) “Tunis reçoit six hélicoptères de combat américains pour la lutte antiterroriste.” Huff Post. 6 February, 2017. https://bit.ly/2Yg5EjO
(7) Observatoire en ligne du secteur de la sécurité. https://bit.ly/2wQn0Z0
61b. Accessible data
Tunisia score: 0/100
Data is rarely, if ever, released in a accessible format.
Data is sometimes released in an accessible format.
Data is almost always released in an accessible format (e.g. excel file) which allows for useful comparisons (e.g. how many tenders a company has won).
According to our sources, there is no detailed information about all purchases. It is hard to have access to all data because this information is seen as confidential or as needing to be confidential for security reasons (1,2). Apart from media articles describing the purchased items, as outlined in Q61A, no data on the described format (excel) or other formats could be found (3).
The availability of defensive procurement is mainly due to the application of the provisions of Ordinance No. 36 of 1988 on the control of some of the expenses of the Ministries of National Defense and Interior and revised by Government Order No. 842 of 2017 dated 26 July 2017, which defines the general principles of procurement in the field of defense (4).
(1) Ministry of Defence. www.defense.tn
(2)Interview T4, Tunis Armed Forces, Tunis, 21-24 July 2019
(3) Media Review. www.observatoire-securite.tn. 2016-2018.
(4)Interview T5, Accountant, MoD, Tunis, 25-26 July 2019
(5) Government comment.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||61a. Comprehensiveness||61b. Accessible data|
|Algeria||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Angola||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Ghana||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Lebanon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Mali||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Niger||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Palestine||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||25 / 100||0 / 100|