Does the public trust the institutions of defence and security to tackle the issue of bribery and corruption in their establishments?
Iran score: NS/100
The public view the defence establishment as entirely indifferent to corruption within it, or as clearly corrupt, without the political will to tackle the problem.
The public view is that bribery and corruption are not, according to official rhetoric, acceptable to the defence establishment, but there is a widely-held belief that this is just that: rhetoric, and not seriously intended.
The public view is that bribery and corruption, though not acceptable to the defence establishment, is insufficiently addressed by the measures in place to tackle the problem.
This indicator is not scored. Please discuss conditions in the country context related to good practice (Score 4).
The public view is that there is a clear commitment from the defence establishment that bribery and corruption are not acceptable and must be prosecuted, and that their efforts to tackle the problem are sincere and effective.
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI.
There are no surveys to answer this exact question, and Iran is not included in the Global Corruption Barometer. However, one study carried out by the Network for Public Policy Studies (NPPS), which describes itself as “an academic peer-reviewed website under the supervision of the Center for Strategic Studies” of the Office of the President of the Islamic Republic, looked at survey results from 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2015 to get a comprehensive picture of how Iranians viewed corruption, and particularly how that view had changed in the last nine years.
Based on these surveys, Iranians rank the traffic police as the 7th most corrupt institutions. The 2009 survey shows that 27 per cent of Iranians believed the Revolutionary Guards to be tainted with corruption — and this number increased to 35 per cent in the 2010 survey. In both surveys, 18 per cent of Iranians believed that corruption existed in the armed forces. Compared to the numbers for the Revolutionary Guards, this number shows that Iranians have a more favourable view of the armed forces . However, according to an opinion poll carried out in Iran by the University of Maryland, in collaboration with Iran poll, 85 per cent of respondents agreed that “[t]he government should do more to fight financial and bureaucratic corruption in Iran” .
1. Parvaneh Masoumi, “Is Iran Becoming More Corrupt?,” Iran Wire, 12 March 2018, https://iranwire.com/en/features/5218.
2. Ebrahim Mohseni, Nancy Gallagher & Clay Ramsay, “Iranian Public Opinion after the Protests A public opinion study,” School of Public Policy, Centre for International & Security Studies at Maryland, July 2018, https://cissm.umd.edu/research-impact/publications/iranian-public-opinion-after-protests.
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