Does the public trust the institutions of defence and security to tackle the issue of bribery and corruption in their establishments?
Malaysia score: NS/100
The public view the defence establishment as entirely indifferent to corruption within it, or as clearly corrupt, without the political will to tackle the problem.
The public view is that bribery and corruption are not, according to official rhetoric, acceptable to the defence establishment, but there is a widely-held belief that this is just that: rhetoric, and not seriously intended.
The public view is that bribery and corruption, though not acceptable to the defence establishment, is insufficiently addressed by the measures in place to tackle the problem.
This indicator is not scored. Please discuss conditions in the country context related to good practice (Score 4).
The public view is that there is a clear commitment from the defence establishment that bribery and corruption are not acceptable and must be prosecuted, and that their efforts to tackle the problem are sincere and effective.
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI.
The leading anti-corruption agency in Malaysia has adopted the results of two pieces of Transparency International’s research: the Corruption Perceptions Index and the Global Corruption Barometer. Malaysia was raised to 61st place in 2018 according to the Corruption Perceptions Index. It notes that Malaysia was a country to watch, showing promising political developments.  However, it was highlighted in the Global Corruption Barometer that Malaysian citizens, alongside Vietnamese citizens, were the most negative with regard to matters of corruption in their country.  Nevertheless, these two polls are general in nature and do not reflect the public trust regarding institutions of defence and security. Since the establishment of the new government, many anti-corruption efforts have been made which have seen former Prime Minister Najib Razak criminally implicated   and the reopening of the Scorpene probe.  Furthermore, the new government has continuously underlined anti-corruption in its agenda.  Thus, the results of the two surveys does not reflect public opinion on the new government and its anti-corruption efforts.
1. “Asia Pacific: Little to No Progress on Anti-Corruption”, Transparency International, January 29, 2019, https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/asia_pacific_makes_little_to_no_progress_on_anti_corruption
2. Corruption Perceptions Index 2018 (Berlin: Transparency International, 2018), available at https://www.transparency.org/cpi2018.
3. Nurbaiti Hamdan, Qishin Tariq, Mazwin Nik Anis, et al., “Najib Hit With 25 Charges of Graft and Money Laundering”, The Star, September 21, 2018, https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/09/21/expm-charged-in-1mdb-case-najib-hit-with-25-charges-of-graft-and-money-laundering.
4. Rozanna Latiff and A. Ananthalakshmi, “The Cover-up: Malaysian OfficialsReveal Just How Much 1MDB Probe Was Obstructed”, Reuters, July 4, 2018, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-malaysia-politics-najib-coverup-analy/the-cover-up-malaysian-officials-reveal-just-how-much-1mdb-probe-was-obstructed-idUSKBN1JT2Z9.
5. Mazwin Nik Anis, “Scorpene Scandal: Graft Investigators Reopen Case Involving Najib and Razak Baginda”, The Star Online, November 19, 2018, https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/11/19/scorpene-scandal-graft-investigators-reopen-case-involving-najib-and-razak-baginda.
6. “Govt Pledges to Liberate Malaysia From Corruption, Abuse of Power”, The Star Online, September 9, 2019, https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/09/09/govt-pledges-to-liberate-malaysia-from-corruption-abuse-of-power.
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|Bosnia and Herzegovina||NS|
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