Do the armed forces have military doctrine addressing corruption as a strategic issue on operations?
51a. Military doctrine
Niger score: 0/100
The country does not consider corruption a strategic issue for operations.
The armed forces may be aware of corruption as a strategic issue for operations, but there is no explicit doctrine on this subject.
The country has a military doctrine addressing corruption issues for peace and conflict, which briefly addresses how to mitigate this challenge, but there is little emphasis on the practicalities of implementation.
The country has a comprehensive and detailed military doctrine addressing corruption issues for peace and conflict operations, including the recognition that deployments can exacerbate corruption risks. However, the doctrine may not address risks at all levels or may not provide detailed and practical guidance for implementation.
The country has a comprehensive and detailed military doctrine addressing corruption issues for peace and conflict operations at strategic, operational and tactical levels. The doctrine recognises that international actors can contribute to increasing corruption risks and offers guidance on mitigating these risks. Issues addressed by the doctrine include support for political actors, contracting, interaction with local population, partnering with local forces, and security sector reform in operational contexts. The doctrine also details the practicalities of implementation.
Niger has no military doctrine that considers corruption a strategic issue for operations. Corruption in the defence sector is not addressed regularly; instead, some ad hoc measures are taken. The 2003 Military Penal Code addresses corruption in article 228 which states that officers found guilty of corruption, theft or general crime can be dismissed, demoted or imprisoned. The Code provides for a judiciary Military Police that report to the Ministry of Defence (article 46). The Military Police are responsible for investigating all infractions of the law (article 47) at all levels of the Armed Forces (article 48) (1).
Generally, the Armed Forces do not see corruption as a strategic issue; but, this is not always the case. For instance, some joint operations conducted by IGA and IGSS are kept a secret until the last moment to avoid leakage of information and to preserve the confidentiality of the planned audit. (2).
1. “Loi n° 2003-25 du 13 juin 2003 modifiant la loi n° 61-27 du 15 juillet 1961, portant institution du Code penal,” (Law no.2003-25 of 13th June 2003 amending Act no.61-27 of 15th July 1961 setting out the Military Penal Code), Journal Officiel spécial n° 4, 7 April 2004.
2. Interview with senior Ministry of Interior official, May 29, 2018.
Niger score: NA/100
No aspect of the doctrine is made publicly available.
Some aspects of the doctrine are made publicly available, but not all of them.
The doctrine is made publicly available.
There is no explicit military doctrine that would address corruption as a strategic issue for operations. Therefore, this indicator has been marked Not Applicable.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||51a. Military doctrine||51b. Transparency|
|Algeria||0 / 100||NA|
|Angola||0 / 100||NA|
|Burkina Faso||25 / 100||NA|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||NA|
|Cote d'Ivoire||0 / 100||NA|
|Egypt||0 / 100||NA|
|Ghana||25 / 100||NA|
|Iraq||25 / 100||NA|
|Jordan||0 / 100||NA|
|Kuwait||25 / 100||NA|
|Lebanon||25 / 100||NA|
|Mali||0 / 100||NA|
|Morocco||0 / 100||NA|
|Niger||0 / 100||NA|
|Nigeria||25 / 100||NA|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||NA|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA|
|Saudi Arabia||25 / 100||NA|
|Tunisia||0 / 100||NA|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||NA|