Is defence procurement generally conducted as open competition or is there a significant element of single-sourcing (that is, without competition)?
64a. Open competition
Qatar score: 0/100
The majority of defence procurements are not conducted as an open competition.
Less than half (30-50%) of defence procurements are conducted as open competition. A majority of procurements are either restricted competition (i.e. 2-3 suppliers invited to compete) or single-sourced.
Most (50%+) defence procurements are conducted as an open competition, though a significant percentage of the value of contract (30% to 50%) are single-sourced.
The majority (70%+) of defence procurements are conducted as an open competition, though a significant minority of the value of contracts (10% to 30%) are single-sourced.
The vast majority (90%+) of defence procurements are conducted as an open competition, except in clearly defined and limited circumstances. There is a relatively small component (less than 10%) of single-sourcing.
The majority of defence procurement is not conducted through open competition, and there is no evidence of a single defence competition announcement. It has become clear that defence institutions are exempt from state tender laws, and there are legal provisions that enable direct procurement with single suppliers (1,2). Moreover, defence and security sectors have historically never published any open competitions for works, services or goods needed by defence institutions. As is the case with most matters related to the defence sector, procurement seems to be done directly through single suppliers. Single bidders and selected bidders are the major sources for the army and MoD personnel [3,4]. Even food and meals are purchased through a single bidder selection. As one officer stated, “it is easier for us to do it via single bidder. We are small country and we know all the companies, so we contact whomever we see suitable directly” .
(1) Camilla Hodgson, ” Qatar has boosted spending by 282% to become the world’s 3rd biggest weapons importer”, Business Insider, August 10, 2017, https://read.bi/2urVv5d.
(2) Arnaud Depierrefu, “Getting the deal through: Defence and Security Procurement 2017”, ed. Nackman and Block LLP, accessed October 9, 2018, https://bit.ly/2y9Gs4g.
(3) Interview, Qatar Military Officer, Doha, Qatar, May 11-12, 2019.
(4) Interview, Admin Officer, Qatari armed forces, Doha, May 13-14, 2019.
64b. Scrutiny of single/restricted competition procedures
Qatar score: 0/100
Oversight agencies have no powers to question single/sole or restricted competition procedures.
Oversight agencies have some powers to question single/sole/restricted competition procedure selected or purchase and occasionally do so.
Oversight agencies have powers to question the competition procedure selected and actively do so in a number of cases.
All single/sole source and restricted competition procedure contracts are justified to external scrutiny who have powers to question the competition procedure selected.
All single source and restricted competition procedure contracts must be justified and subject to external scrutiny (such as parliament or the external audit office), who have the power to reject the competition procedure selected.
Although there is no external oversight mechanism, and there is very little internal oversight mechanism, these units have no power to question or influence the process as a whole or partially. [1,2]
 Interview, Admin Officer, Qatari armed forces, Doha, May 13-14, 2019.
 Interview, Financial Officer, Qatari MoD, Doha, May 15-16, 2019.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||64a. Open competition||64b. Scrutiny of single/restricted competition procedures|
|Algeria||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Angola||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Ghana||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|Lebanon||NEI||25 / 100|
|Mali||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Niger||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||NEI||0 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Palestine||75 / 100||25 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||0 / 100|