Operational Risk:

Critical

Score:

10/100

Disregard of Corruption in-Country

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Q51 0/100

Do the armed forces have military doctrine addressing corruption as a strategic issue on operations?

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Military doctrine Score: 0 / 100
Corruption is observed as a concern in the countries where Spanish soldiers are deployed, not as an internal issue. No evidence has been found…
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Transparency Score: NA / 100
This indicator is marked ‘Not Applicable’ as there is no evidence of the existence of any doctrine or strategic document addressing potential corruption within…
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Q52 0/100

Is there training in corruption issues for commanders at all levels in order to ensure that these commanders are clear on the corruption issues they may face during deployment?

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Score: 0 / 100
Military education is offered widely, and training prior to deployment in military operations abroad is frequent [1]. However, there is no public evidence of…
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Q53 0/100

Is corruption as a strategic issue considered in the forward planning of operations? If so, is there evidence that commanders at all levels apply this knowledge in the field?

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Forward planning Score: 0 / 100
No evidence has been found in the review of documentation and in interviews [1, 2, 3] that corruption is observed as a strategic issue…
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Application Score: 0 / 100
Spain has been significantly involved in military operations abroad (NATO, EU, UN). No evidence has been found that corruption is taken into account in…
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Corruption within Mission

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Q54 0/100

Are trained professionals regularly deployed to monitor corruption risk in the field (whether deployed on operations or peacekeeping missions)?

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Corruption monitoring Score: 0 / 100
Corruption is observed as a concern in the countries where Spanish soldiers are deployed, and measures are taken in this regard. But corruption is…
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M&E policy Score: 0 / 100
No evidence has been found on the existence of M&E guidance for the mission on how to monitor corruption risks [1, 2, 3].
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Transparency Score: NA / 100
There is no evidence that any report on the status of corruption within missions is produced [1, 2]. Even if these reports do exist,…
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Contracting

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Q55 50/100

Are there guidelines, and staff training, on addressing corruption risks in contracting whilst on deployed operations or peacekeeping missions?

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Comprehensiveness Score: 75 / 100
Apart from Law 9/2017, which introduced a special rule on the fight against corruption and prevention of conflicts of interest [1], there was no…
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Training Score: 25 / 100
There is frequent training prior to deployment in military operations abroad [1]. However, there is no public evidence about the existence of training on…
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Private Security Companies

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Q56 NS/100

Are private military contractors employed and if so, are they subject to a similar level of scrutiny as for the armed forces?

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Policies Score: NS / 100
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI. According to Abrisketa and G√≥mez Isa, “Spanish Law does not prohibit mercenary activity as…
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Scrutiny Score: NS / 100
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI. There are not specific rules on PMCs in Spanish labour law [1].
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Enforcement Score: NS / 100
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI. There are not specific rules on PMCs in Spanish labour law [1].
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