Is there a legislative committee (or other appropriate body) responsible for defence budget scrutiny and analysis in an effective way?
13a. Formal rights
Sudan score: 0/100
No such legislative committee exists, or it lacks any formal powers over the defence budget.
There is a defence committee with formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget, but lacks some of the powers listed in score 4.
There is a defence committee with extensive formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget. The committee has the power to scrutinise any aspect of budget and expenditures. The committee is in a position to require expert witnesses to appear in front of it.
At this time, a transitional legislature has not yet been appointed or elected in Sudan ; the appointment of a legislative council is forecasted for the near future, whereas the election of a legitimately elected representative council will follow in late 2022 at the earliest . According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, under the former Bashir-led regime, a defence committee oversaw policy, but the whole national assembly – not a specialised committee committed to focussing on the defence budget – conducted oversight of the public defence budget. Parliament was required to approve the entire national budget on an annual basis by December 31 or the budget would default to the previous year’s budget figures until a new budget was passed. Parliament was constitutionally empowered to request reports from or question cabinet ministers and recommend that the President remove them from office .
 Freedom House. 2020. ‘Freedom in the World 2020: Sudan’. Accessed May 31, 2020. https://freedomhouse.org/country/sudan/freedom-world/2020
 The Transitional Military Council and Forces of Freedom and Change. August 4, 2019. ‘Draft Constitutional Charter for the 2019 Transitional Period (official English language translation prepared by International Idea)’. Accessed April 29, 2021. http://constitutionnet.org/sites/default/files/2019-08/Sudan%20Constitutional%20Declaration%20%28English%29.pdf
 Inter-Parliamentary Union. ‘Sudan National Assembly: Parliamentary Oversight’. Accessed December 4, 2020. http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/CtrlParlementaire/2297_F.htm
13b. Influence on decision-making
Sudan score: NA/100
The defence committee has no impact on defence budget decision-making.
The committee reviews the defence budget, but fails to take advantage of its formal powers of scrutiny. It may exercise informal influence over the budget in the case of no formal powers.
The committee reviews the defence budget and attempts to influence budgetary decisions through formal mechanisms, but these attempts are limited.
The committee performs all the functions of score 4, but this may not be in a timely fashion or there may be clear instances where the committee fails to scrutinise effectively aspects of the budget before the start of the fiscal year.
The committee has introduced amendments to the budget and there is evidence that in some instances these have resulted in changes to the budget. The committee engages in mid-year expenditure review and can strike out expenditures before they are incurred.
This indicator is marked Not Applicable. Since Sudan currently has no legislature, there is no legislative committee or other entity that is responsible for budget scrutiny and analysis. An expert on Sudan’s security sector, who has published extensively on the topic , said in a phone interview that he doesn’t believe that, even after a legislature is appointed, it will have any ability to effectively demand to scrutinise the defence budget; most of the military organisations who were active and hid their activities before the ouster of President Bashir in 2019 will continue to hide their revenue generation and spending activities, and an appointed – rather than elected – legislature will have little power to command the military officials who lead the Sovereignty Council and select the Ministers of Defence and Interior to produce and share their budgets.
 Interview with published Sudan defence sector expert, May 21, 2020, via phone.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||13a. Formal rights||13b. Influence on decision-making|
|Albania||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Algeria||0 / 100||NA|
|Angola||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Argentina||0 / 100||NA|
|Armenia||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Australia||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Azerbaijan||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Bahrain||0 / 100||NA|
|Bangladesh||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Belgium||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Botswana||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Brazil||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Canada||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Chile||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|China||0 / 100||NA|
|Colombia||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Denmark||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||NA|
|Estonia||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Finland||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|France||75 / 100||75 / 100|
|Germany||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Ghana||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Greece||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Hungary||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|India||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Indonesia||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Iran||0 / 100||NA|
|Iraq||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Israel||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Italy||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Japan||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||NA|
|Kenya||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Kosovo||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||75 / 100||0 / 100|
|Latvia||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Lebanon||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Lithuania||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Malaysia||50 / 100||NA|
|Mali||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Mexico||75 / 100||0 / 100|
|Montenegro||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||NA|
|Myanmar||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Netherlands||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|New Zealand||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Niger||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|North Macedonia||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Norway||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||NA|
|Philippines||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Poland||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Portugal||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA|
|Russia||100 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||NA|
|Serbia||100 / 100||0 / 100|
|Singapore||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|South Africa||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|South Korea||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|South Sudan||100 / 100||NEI|
|Spain||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Sudan||0 / 100||NA|
|Sweden||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Switzerland||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Taiwan||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Tanzania||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Thailand||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Turkey||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Uganda||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Ukraine||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||NA|
|United Kingdom||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|United States||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Venezuela||0 / 100||NA|
|Zimbabwe||50 / 100||25 / 100|