Is there a legislative committee (or other appropriate body) responsible for defence budget scrutiny and analysis in an effective way?
13a. Formal rights
Ukraine score: 100/100
No such legislative committee exists, or it lacks any formal powers over the defence budget.
There is a defence committee with formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget, but lacks some of the powers listed in score 4.
There is a defence committee with extensive formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget. The committee has the power to scrutinise any aspect of budget and expenditures. The committee is in a position to require expert witnesses to appear in front of it.
Ukrainian MPs adopt the state budget (including for defence and security) by voting for the annual Law on State Budget. The VRU Committee on National Security and Defence is empowered to control the execution of the State Budget of Ukraine (the defence aspects) to ensure expediency and efficiency of state funds usage . The Committee can also engage experts in working groups . There is also the State Audit Service that carries out the external financial control function  as well as the Accounting Chamber that carries out the same function but also including the financial control over classified spendings on behalf of the VRU . Both authorities scrutinize the MOD [5, 6]. From a formal perspective, there is also the control of the State defence order (SDO) by the Ministry of economic development and trade and the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine . The Ministry of Economy has a role of State Defence Order coordinator (according to the Law on State Defence Order) and has no powers to control the implementation process.
1. “Law of Ukraine No. 116/95-ВР, Article 14, paragraph 1, subparagraph 3, On committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, April 4, 1995, accessed May 3, 2018, http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/116/95-%D0%B2%D1%80.
2. “Law of Ukraine No. 116/95-ВР, Article 15, On committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, April 4, 1995, accessed May 3, 2018, http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/116/95-%D0%B2%D1%80.
3. “The CMU Resolution # 43 On Approval of the Regulation on the State Audit Service of Ukraine,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, February 3, 2016, April 12, 2018, http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/43-2016-%D0%BF.
4. “The Law of Ukraine No. 576-VIII, On Accounting Chamber, Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, July 7, 2015, accessed April 12, 2018, http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/576-19.
5. “The system of management and disposal of military assetsundermined the combat capability of the army,” Accounting Chamber, accessed April 12, 2018, http://www.ac-rada.gov.ua/control/main/uk/publish/printable_article/16744135;jsessionid=F4F9433350332FFC5C948278E0A8F341.
6. “On certain issues of the activities of the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine, military formations of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and state enterprises of the Ministry of Defence,” State Audit Service, accessed April 12, 2018, http://www.dkrs.gov.ua/kru/uk/publish/article/75407.
7. “Уряд ухвалив державне оборонне замовлення на 2018-2020 роки,”
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, February 14, 2018, https://www.kmu.gov.ua/ua/news/uryad-uhvaliv-derzhavne-oboronne-zamovlennya-na-2018-2020-roki.
13b. Influence on decision-making
Ukraine score: 50/100
The defence committee has no impact on defence budget decision-making.
The committee reviews the defence budget, but fails to take advantage of its formal powers of scrutiny. It may exercise informal influence over the budget in the case of no formal powers.
The committee reviews the defence budget and attempts to influence budgetary decisions through formal mechanisms, but these attempts are limited.
The committee performs all the functions of score 4, but this may not be in a timely fashion or there may be clear instances where the committee fails to scrutinise effectively aspects of the budget before the start of the fiscal year.
The committee has introduced amendments to the budget and there is evidence that in some instances these have resulted in changes to the budget. The committee engages in mid-year expenditure review and can strike out expenditures before they are incurred.
The defence budget of Ukraine is a part of the annual State Budget of Ukraine and falls under its regulations . The competences of the VRU Committees are established by VRU Resolution . The resolution states that the Budget Committee of the VRU has competence in the sphere of the State Budget of Ukraine . Nevertheless, all MPs of the VRU are empowered to introduce laws and amendments to laws (including to the annual Law On The State Budget of Ukraine) since they are subjects of legislative initiative. There is no evidence on the Committee for National Security and Defence that would suggest any alterations to the draft Law On The State Budget of Ukraine being made for 2017 and 2018 following the draft laws introduced to the VRU and before their adoption [3, 4]. Moreover, several MPs from the Committee for National Security and Defence suggested modifications to the draft Law On The State Budget of Ukraine for 2017 and 2018 while only a few of them being incorporated. There is also no evidence for members of the Committee for National Security and Defence to initiate amendments to defence expenditures of the State Budget of Ukraine for 2017 and 2018 [5, 6], although MPs stated their intentions to do so .
1. “Law of Ukraine No. 2456-VI, Article 31, On Budget Code of Ukraine,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, July 8, 2010, accessed April 12, 2018, http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2456-17.
2. “The VRU Resolution No. 22-VIII, On the list, the quantitative composition and the subjects of competence of the committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the eighth convocation,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, December 4, 2014, accessed April 12, 2018, http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/22-19.
3. “Table of proposals of the subjects of the right of legislative initiative to the draft Law of Ukraine on the State Budget of Ukraine for 2017,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, accessed April 12, 2018, http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc34?id=&pf3511=60032&pf35401=403860.
4. “Table of proposals of the subjects of the right of legislative initiative to the draft Law of Ukraine on the State Budget of Ukraine for 2018,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, accessed April 12, 2018, http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc34?id=&pf3511=62551&pf35401=436611.
5. “The Law of Ukraine № 2246-VIII On State Budget of Ukraine for 2018,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, December 7, 2017, accessed April 12, 2018, http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2246-19.
6. “Law of Ukraine No. 1801-VIII, On State Budget of Ukraine for 2017,” Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, December 21, 2016, accessed April 12, 2018, http://zakon0.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1801-19.
7. “Minutes of the Committee for the 7th session,” The Committee on National Security and Defence, accessed April 12, 2018, http://komnbo.rada.gov.ua/uploads/documents/30505.doc.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||13a. Formal rights||13b. Influence on decision-making|
|Albania||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Algeria||0 / 100||NA|
|Angola||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Argentina||0 / 100||NA|
|Armenia||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Australia||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Azerbaijan||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Bahrain||0 / 100||NA|
|Bangladesh||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Belgium||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Botswana||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Brazil||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Canada||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Chile||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|China||0 / 100||NA|
|Colombia||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Denmark||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||NA|
|Estonia||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Finland||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|France||75 / 100||75 / 100|
|Germany||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Ghana||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Greece||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Hungary||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|India||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Indonesia||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Iran||0 / 100||NA|
|Iraq||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Israel||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Italy||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Japan||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||NA|
|Kenya||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Kosovo||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||75 / 100||0 / 100|
|Latvia||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|Lebanon||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Lithuania||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Malaysia||50 / 100||NA|
|Mali||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Mexico||75 / 100||0 / 100|
|Montenegro||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||NA|
|Myanmar||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Netherlands||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|New Zealand||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Niger||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|North Macedonia||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Norway||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||NA|
|Philippines||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Poland||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Portugal||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA|
|Russia||100 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||NA|
|Serbia||100 / 100||0 / 100|
|Singapore||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|South Africa||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|South Korea||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|South Sudan||100 / 100||NEI|
|Spain||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Sudan||0 / 100||NA|
|Sweden||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Switzerland||100 / 100||100 / 100|
|Taiwan||75 / 100||50 / 100|
|Tanzania||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Thailand||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Turkey||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Uganda||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Ukraine||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||NA|
|United Kingdom||100 / 100||50 / 100|
|United States||100 / 100||75 / 100|
|Venezuela||0 / 100||NA|
|Zimbabwe||50 / 100||25 / 100|