Does the public trust the institutions of defence and security to tackle the issue of bribery and corruption in their establishments?
Angola score: NS/100
The public view the defence establishment as entirely indifferent to corruption within it, or as clearly corrupt, without the political will to tackle the problem.
The public view is that bribery and corruption are not, according to official rhetoric, acceptable to the defence establishment, but there is a widely-held belief that this is just that: rhetoric, and not seriously intended.
The public view is that bribery and corruption, though not acceptable to the defence establishment, is insufficiently addressed by the measures in place to tackle the problem.
This indicator is not scored. Please discuss conditions in the country context related to good practice (Score 4).
The public view is that there is a clear commitment from the defence establishment that bribery and corruption are not acceptable and must be prosecuted, and that their efforts to tackle the problem are sincere and effective.
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI.
No specific polls on public trust in defence and security institutions are available. According to a 2017 confidential poll reportedly ordered by the presidency from the Brazilian company Sensus, Pesquisa e Consultoria on public perceptions on the MPLA government policies between 2012 and 2017, the bulk of the 9155 respondents all over the country find that Angolan government officials are corrupt, and see corruption, lack of ethics, and transparency as the root causes for the government’s failure to improve Angolans quality of life (1), (2). The document was leaked and published by civil society activists.
According to an Institute for Security Studies (ISS) (2017) report, “Incoming President Joao Lourenco will need to institute difficult economic reforms and restore the functioning of key state institutions. Reforming the security apparatus will be a challenge if Lourenco wants to streamline command and control and professionalise the sector … the fragility of the security apparatus needs to be addressed. Corruption and opaque arms procurement deals need to be curtailed; defence spending requires oversight.” (3). This indicates a lack of professionalism, continued corruption, and a lack of oversight or order in the sector.
Furthermore, the latest CPI score for Angola also underlines an almost complete breakdown in the trust of the people.
1. Rafael Marques de Morais. “Corrupção: o que pensam realmente os angolanos?,” Maka Angola, August 7, 2017. https://www.makaangola.org/2017/08/corrupcao-o-que-pensam-realmente-os-angolanos/.
2. Sensus Pesquisa e Consultoria, Eleições Gerais Angola 2017, 5ª edição, confidencial. https://centralangola7311.files.wordpress.com/2017/08/sondagem-census-mpla-2017.pdf.
3. Paula Cristina Roque. “Reform or unravel? Prospects for Angola’s transition,” Institute for Security Studies, Southern Africa Report 8, May 2017. https://www.africaportal.org/documents/17425/Reform_or_unravel.pdf.
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