Is corruption as a strategic issue considered in the forward planning of operations? If so, is there evidence that commanders at all levels apply this knowledge in the field?
53a. Forward planning
Burkina Faso score: 0/100
Corruption issues are not taken into account at all in forward planning.
Corruption as a strategic issue is taken into account in the forward planning of very few operations.
Corruption as a strategic issue is taken into account in the forward planning of operations.
Transparency International’s Defence and Sceurity Programme (2016) declared that “10 out of the top 25 TCCs are in band ‘F’ for preparing their troops to control corruption and behave with integrity in military operations, 8 are in band ‘E’ and 5 are in band ‘D’” (1). This shows corruption is not seen as a strategic issue, and it is not taken account in forward planning. Again, the law that applies is Law N° 038 (2016), as well as the current military policy (2), these do not mention this issue, not only about corruption in general but also about integrating corruption in forward planning. The Law of Military Programming, mentioned earlier, was passed to address the needs of the armed forces, including capacity building (3), but there is no evidence that it considers corruption as a strategic issue that needs to be integrated into forward planning operations (4).
1. “Corruption & Peace Operations: Risks and recommendations for Troop Contributing Countries and the United Nations,” Transparency International – Defence & Security, 2016, http://ti-defence.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/160330CorruptionRiskTCCsTIIDSPFIN.pdf.
2. “Decree N°2004-146 On the adoption of the national Defence Policy of Burkina Faso,” (2004).
3. Moussa Diallo, “Loi de programmation militaire 2018-2022: 725 milliards de francs CFA pour mettre en œuvre la réforme de l’armée burkinabè,” Lefaso.net, December 6.2017, http://lefaso.net/spip.php?article81008.
4. “Law N° 038 On the general status for the personnel of the national Armed Forces,” (2016), https://www.assembleenationale.bf/IMG/pdf/loi_038_statut_general_fan.pdf.
Burkina Faso score: NA/100
Corruption issues are not taken into account in planning or execution, and are regularly mishandled by officers during deployment.
Corruption is taken into account in planning for very few operations, and mitigation approaches are not implemented consistently during deployments.
Corruption is taken into account in planning for operations, but mitigation approaches are not implemented consistently during deployments.
Corruption is taken into account in planning for operations, and in execution of larger operations where the country has the biggest deployments.
Corruption is taken into account in planning for operations, and in execution of some actions during operations (e.g. procurement). Larger operations have independent evaluations conducted by an Inspector General or similar body.
There is no evidence that corruption is address in forward planning. Thus, this indicator has been marked Not Applicable.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||53a. Forward planning||53b. Application|
|Algeria||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Angola||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||0 / 100||NA|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||NEI|
|Cote d'Ivoire||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Ghana||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Iraq||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Lebanon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Mali||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Niger||0 / 100||NA|
|Nigeria||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||25 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||0 / 100|