Are chains of command separate from chains of payment?
Burkina Faso score: 50/100
Chains of command are not separated from chains of payment.
Chains of command are generally separated from chains of payment, though there are exceptions in certain areas.
Chains of command are strictly separated from chains of payment throughout the ministry and armed forces.
The chain of command is completely different from the chain of payment (1). According to Article 19 (1) of Law No. 038 (2016) states, “the personnel of the Armed Forces have the right to remuneration while performing their duties and responsibilities” (2). The actual — “Intendance Militaire — is responsible for all payment, and supplies in the defence ministry. Besides, Article 19 (4) “any measure of broader purpose affecting the remuneration the employees of State civil service is, except necessary adaptation measures, applied with simultaneous effect to the personnel of the Armed Forces.” In the gendarmerie or the armed forces, the chain of command inspects departments and units, and each commanding officer performs an inspection at his or her own level of command, based on pre-established annual timetables, or without any notice, to ensure that every man or woman is on duty (3). However, under some circumstances, the remuneration of the personnel takes place within the unit. This often happens, especially for newly enrolled personnel, living in dormitories within the unit they belong to. To this end, Article 27 says that “the personnel of the Armed Forces have right to their unit-based housing,” and a little sum is taken from their salary for housing fees.
1. Ministry of Defence military member, interview with author, June 21, 2018.
2. “Law N° 038 On the general status for the personnel of the national Armed Forces,” (2016), https://www.assembleenationale.bf/IMG/pdf/loi_038_statut_general_fan.pdf.
3. Jean-Pierre Bayala, “Chapter 3: Burkina Faso” in Security Sector Governance in Francophone West Africa: Realities and Oppotunities, eds. Alan Bryden and Boubacar N’Diaye, (Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, 2011), https://www.dcaf.ch/sites/default/files/publications/documents/BrydenN%E2%80%99DiayeENGLISH.pdf.
4. “Burkina Faso Country Report,” GAN Institute, 2016. https://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/burkina-faso/.
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