Does the public trust the institutions of defence and security to tackle the issue of bribery and corruption in their establishments?
Niger score: NS/100
The public view the defence establishment as entirely indifferent to corruption within it, or as clearly corrupt, without the political will to tackle the problem.
The public view is that bribery and corruption are not, according to official rhetoric, acceptable to the defence establishment, but there is a widely-held belief that this is just that: rhetoric, and not seriously intended.
The public view is that bribery and corruption, though not acceptable to the defence establishment, is insufficiently addressed by the measures in place to tackle the problem.
This indicator is not scored. Please discuss conditions in the country context related to good practice (Score 4).
The public view is that there is a clear commitment from the defence establishment that bribery and corruption are not acceptable and must be prosecuted, and that their efforts to tackle the problem are sincere and effective.
This indicator is not assigned a score in the GDI.
According to TI’s 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index, Niger is ranked 33/100 (0 = perceived by citizens to be highly corrupt, 100 = perceived to be very clean), placing it at 112 out of a total of 180 countries (1). These statistics underline a low level of trust in public institutions in terms of corruption. In general, TI’s 2015 “Africa survey” indicates that among African nationalities, the police are seen as one of the most corrupt institutions (2). Corruption and bribery in the defence and security institutions in Niger are not acceptable in the public view. However, the perception of what can be considered corruption differs depending on a range of factors. For example, a box of 25 kilograms of sugar given as a gift during the month of Ramadan to a neighbour who is also a policeman, may not be perceived as a bribe by the giving person, even though some service could be implicitly expected from the policeman in exchange (3).
How widespread the perception of defence and security institutions as “corrupt” is among the population is very important and reveals the level of trust toward defence and security actors. Indeed, some studies have shown that because of the deterioration of the trust bond, it has become difficult for police services to fulfil their missions (prevention of conflicts within the community, maintenance of public order, collection and processing of judicial information, etc.) (4,5). It is plausible that defence services are facing similar challenges. The October 2017 attack on the Ayorou (6) Gendarmerie Brigade showed how active collaboration and trust between the population and the security forces is an essential component in the country’s efforts to combat and prevent insurgency (4).
There is evidence that authorities are taking seriously the problem of reduced trust: there is a growing number of projects aiming to foster the bond between security/defence services and the population, especially in the border regions facing insecurity. The projects are conducted mostly under the auspices of the High Authority of Consolidation for Peace (HACP) (7) or as part of the bilateral cooperation such as the German GIZ-RECAP project (4) .
1. “Corruption Perceptions Index 2017,” Transparency International, 2017, https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2017.
2. “People and Corruption: Africa Survey 2015,” Transparency International, December 1, 2015,
3. Interview with senior official of the State Agency, May 31, 2018.
4. “Stratégie Opérationnelle. Police de Proximité 2018-2020. Version finale,” (Operational Strategy: Community Policing 2018-2020), Republic of Niger, November 2017.
5. Seini Seydou Zakaria, “Restitution du rapport d’analyse diagnostic de l’Inspection Générale des services de sécurité (IGSS): Pour l’amélioration de la qualité du service public en matière de sécurité,” (Restitution of the diagnostic analysis report of the General Inspectorate of Security Services (IGSS): for the improvement of the quality of the public service in matters of security), Le Sahel, July 17, 2017, http://lesahel.org/index.php/societe/item/14596-restitution-du-rapport-danalyse-diagnostic-de-linspection-générale-des-services-de-sécurité-igss–pour-lamélioration-de-la-qualité-du-service-public-en-matière-de-sécurité.
6. “Niger: Nouvelle attaque terroriste contre le camp de la gendarmerie d’Ayorou,” (Niger: New terrorist attack against the Ayorou gendarmerie camp), RFI, October 21, 2017, http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20171021-niger-mali-attaque-islamistes-terrorisme-gendarmerie-ayorou-frontiere-tillabery-12-.
7. Interview with senior official of the State Agency, June 4, 2018.
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