Is there a legislative committee (or other appropriate body) responsible for defence budget scrutiny and analysis in an effective way?
13a. Formal rights
Niger score: 50/100
No such legislative committee exists, or it lacks any formal powers over the defence budget.
There is a defence committee with formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget, but lacks some of the powers listed in score 4.
There is a defence committee with extensive formal rights of scrutiny of the defence budget. The committee has the power to scrutinise any aspect of budget and expenditures. The committee is in a position to require expert witnesses to appear in front of it.
The Nigerien National Assembly (NA) is constitutionally vested with formal rights to carry out oversight of all government actions; it can vote on all legislation, including defence budgets (article 114 of the Constitution). According to both the Constitution and the Internal Rules of the NA, the body also exercises a security budget approval function and a budget execution control function (1,2). Even though the NA is tasked with scrutiny and analysis of the state budget, by itself the budgetary analysis is not explicitly included in the list of functions of the Commission de la Défense et la Sécurité.
1. “Niger: Constitution de la VIIe République,” (Niger: Constitution of the 7th Republic) Journal Officiel de la République du Niger, 29 Novembre 2010, p. 246 à 261,”
2. “Resolution n°2 du 22 mars 2017 portant Règlement Intérieur de l’Assemblée Nationale,” (Resolution no.2 of 22nd March 2017, setting out the regulations for the National Assembly of Niger), National Assembly, March 2017, http://www.assemblee.ne/images/Documents/REGLEMENT_INTERIEUR_ANN_2017.pdf.
13b. Influence on decision-making
Niger score: 0/100
The defence committee has no impact on defence budget decision-making.
The committee reviews the defence budget, but fails to take advantage of its formal powers of scrutiny. It may exercise informal influence over the budget in the case of no formal powers.
The committee reviews the defence budget and attempts to influence budgetary decisions through formal mechanisms, but these attempts are limited.
The committee performs all the functions of score 4, but this may not be in a timely fashion or there may be clear instances where the committee fails to scrutinise effectively aspects of the budget before the start of the fiscal year.
The committee has introduced amendments to the budget and there is evidence that in some instances these have resulted in changes to the budget. The committee engages in mid-year expenditure review and can strike out expenditures before they are incurred.
According to Open Budget Survey 2017, the Niger legislature provides limited oversight during the planning stage of the budget cycle and weak oversight during the implementation stage of the budget cycle (1). Interviewees also confirmed this, by stating that the Committee cannot oversee the implementation process because it does not have all the necessary information (for example, it does not have the technical capacity to verify prices of military equipment) (2).
The assessor found no direct evidence indicating that the Committee exercises influence on defence budget decision-making, especially when the lack of technical expertise among Committee members is taken into consideration. However, the situation may change in the future, given the growing cooperation between DCAF and the Committee examined in other sub-indicators.
1. “Open Budget Survey 2017: Niger,” International Budget Partnership, 2017,
2. Interview with member of the National Assembly, May 24, 2018.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||13a. Formal rights||13b. Influence on decision-making|
|Algeria||0 / 100||NA|
|Angola||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||NA|
|Ghana||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||NA|
|Kuwait||75 / 100||0 / 100|
|Lebanon||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Mali||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||NA|
|Niger||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||NA|
|Palestine||0 / 100||NA|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||NA|
|Tunisia||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||NA|