Is the approved defence budget made publicly available? In practice, can citizens, civil society, and the media obtain detailed information on the defence budget?
14a. Proactive publication
Niger score: 25/100
The approved defence budget is not made publicly available at all.
The approved defence budget is published for the public in aggregated form with limited or no budgetary explanation.
The approved defence budget is proactively published for the public in disaggregated form. They provide some budgetary explanation but it is superficial.
The approved defence budget is proactively published for the public in disaggregated form. It is accompanied by an explanation of the budget intended for experts, as well as a concise summary with clear language for non-experts.
The approved financial law is made publicly available in the Official Journal (1); it provides some budgetary explanation but does not clarify different types of expenditures in detail. Furthermore, the explanation component concerns the overall budget rather than focusing on security and defence expenditures. The Open Budget Survey commented in 2017 that, in general, since 2015, Niger has limited the public availability of the budget (2).
1. “Loi n° 2017-82 du 28 novembre 2017 portant loi de finances pour l’année budgétaire 2018,”(Act no.2017-82 of 28th November 2017, setting out the finances law for the 2018 budget year), Journal Officiel de la République du Niger, December 29, 2017.
2. “Open Budget Survey 2017: Niger,” International Budget Partnership, 2017,
Niger score: 50/100
Most areas of the approved defence budget are not publicly available.
Most areas of the approved defence budget are not published in detail but there is still evidence of oversight by other suitable authorities. Certain areas of the budget are undisclosed but this is neither made clear nor publicly justified.
The vast majority of the approved defence budget is fully disclosed to the media and civil society actors. There may be exceptions made for legitimate sensitive areas, but there is clear and robust oversight of the full budget by other suitable authorities.
The Nigerien defence budget is published on an annual basis as part of the financial law available in the Official Journal, in a printed and online version (at least for the past three years, 2015-2018). The budget details key items of expenditure. According to the 2018 provisions, the budget for the Ministry of Defence is divided into three sub-categories: control and administration of national defence policy (54 170 333 550, FCFA), securing national territory (72 589 000 000 FCFA), peace consolidation (861 200 000 FCFA) (1). Some services related to security and defence respond directly to the presidency and therefore do not make part of the “defence budget”. These include the following: the Presidential Guard, the CNESS, Chief of the Military Staff of the President of the Republic, Directorate General of Documentation and External Security of the State. The sub-category “administration control” includes “Office of the Inspector-General of the Army and of the National Gendarmerie, which also does not make part of the Ministry of Defence’s budget. Therefore, the defence budget is transparent, showing key items of expenditure, but it lacks specific details on some key budget lines, including intelligence services.
1. “Loi N° 2017-82 du 28 novembre 2017 portant loi de finances pour l’année budgétaire 2018,” (Act no.2017-82 of 28th November 2017, setting out the finances law for the 2018 budget year), Journal Officiel de la République du Niger, December 29 2017, p.847; 1062-1096.
14c. Response to information requests
Niger score: 25/100
It is extremely difficult or impossible to obtain any detail on the budget.
There is a serious and systematic failure to release information. This may be in specific areas or accessibility to requested information may vary according to the identity of the individual or organisation requesting information.
Information requested by citizens, media, and civil society about the defence budget is provided, but there may be occasional delays without obvious justification. There may also be a pattern of unduly refusing or redacting information for national security reasons.
Information requested by citizens, media, and civil society about the defence budget is provided, but there may be unjustifiable delays. There are few instances where information is unduly refused or redacted for national security reasons.
Information requested by citizens, media, and civil society about the defence budget is provided in a timely fashion, without systematic and unjustifiable delays. There are few instances where information is unduly refused or redacted for national security reasons.
Information on the defence budget, published in the Official Journal is generally made available to the public in the National Archives. However, more detailed information is not accessible. In the 2011 Administrative order documents are separated into “communicable” and “noncommunicable”, which implies a level of state secrecy (1). According to Art. 13 of the 2011 Administrative Order, certain categories of information cannot be accessed due to their confidentiality or due to potential public security hazards. It states:
“Details or documents which are not administrative in nature or purpose, and details whose disclosure can undermine the proper functioning of the administration and jeopardise privacy and private interests, including industrial and commercial/confidentiality, are not accessible or disclosable… [and]… any administrative details or documents whose disclosure could jeopardise, in particular:
– the confidentiality of the deliberations of the government and the responsible authorities of the executive branch;
– /national defence secrets;
– the conduct of Niger foreign policy;
– national, public and human security” (1).
(Consultant translation: French to English)
1. “Ordonnance N° 2011-22, du 23 février 2011 portant Charte d’accès à l’information publique et aux documents administratifs,” (Order no.2011-22 of 23rd February 2011, setting out the Charter of access to public information and administrative documents), http://freedominfo.org/documents/niger2011march.doc.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||14a. Proactive publication||14b. Comprehensiveness||14c. Response to information requests|
|Algeria||25 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Angola||50 / 100||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||50 / 100||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Cameroon||25 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||25 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Ghana||50 / 100||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Jordan||25 / 100||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||25 / 100||50 / 100||0 / 100|
|Lebanon||50 / 100||100 / 100||25 / 100|
|Mali||50 / 100||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Morocco||50 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Niger||25 / 100||50 / 100||25 / 100|
|Nigeria||25 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Oman||25 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Palestine||25 / 100||25 / 100||25 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||NA||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||50 / 100||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||0 / 100||NA||0 / 100|