Are actual defence purchases made public?
Niger score: 0/100
Defence purchases are rarely (if ever) made public, even though an aggregate total spend may be disclosed.
Some defence purchases are not made public, and there is no security justification as to why this information is withheld.
Some defence purchases are not made public. Security or confidentiality is often given as a reason for such secrecy but this is partly, but not fully, justified.
Defence purchases are made public with almost no exceptions. Most of the information listed in score 4 is released, but some information is in aggregate or abbreviated form.
Defence purchases are made public in detail, with almost no exceptions. Very little data from the tender/contract is redacted for national security reasons. For both confidential and non-confidential purchases, there is disclosure of the tender and the contract award. For the contract, there is a description of the item purchased, the winning bidder, the beneficial owners, price paid, whole of lifecycle costs, cost of servicing, costs of parts, and delivery/completion date.
Defence purchases are rarely (if ever) made public, though, some acquisitions are made public through media (1,2). As in sub-indicator 58B, purchases of military equipment may be lumped together with in-kind donations or heavily subsidised sales by international partners such as France, Germany, the United States or the European Union. As a result, such “purchases” are often disclosed by external channels rather than by the government of Niger.
For example, on October 27, 2017, France’s Ministry of Defence published a report on its website showing a donation ceremony for a series of armed military vehicles in the presence of Niger’s Minister of Defence, Mohamed Bazoum (3). Another recent example is the barracks of the School of Officers of the Nigerien Armed Forces (l’Ecole des Officiers des Forces Armées Nigériennes), constructed and equipped by the United States for approximately 960 million FCFA. The inauguration ceremony took place in August 2018 (3).
1. Laurent Touchard, “Pourquoi le Niger a acheté un avion de renseignement à 10 millions d’euros,” (Why Niger bought an intelligence aircraft for 10 million euros), Jeune Afrique, October 23, 2014, http://www.jeuneafrique.com/41767/politique/pourquoi-le-niger-a-achet-un-avion-de-renseignement-10-millions-d-euros/.
2. “Niger: les Gazelle sortent du bois. L’armée nigérienne dispose désormais de ses premiers avions de chasse,” (Niger: the Gazelles come out of the woods. The Nigerien army now has its first fighter aircraft), Tam Taminfo, April 2, 2013,
3. “Don américain en infrastructures d’une valeur de près d’un milliard à l’armée nigérienne,” (US donation of nearly $ 1 billion worth of infrastructure to the Nigerien army), Agence Nigérienne Press, August 10, 2018, http://www.anp.ne/?q=article/don-americain-en-infrastructures-d-une-valeur-de-pres-d-un-milliard-l-armee-nigerienne#sthash.3CljKe4P.dpbs.
61b. Accessible data
Niger score: 0/100
Data is rarely, if ever, released in a accessible format.
Data is sometimes released in an accessible format.
Data is almost always released in an accessible format (e.g. excel file) which allows for useful comparisons (e.g. how many tenders a company has won).
The assessor did not find any evidence that data regarding defence purchases were publically released.
Compare scores by country
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|Country||61a. Comprehensiveness||61b. Accessible data|
|Algeria||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Angola||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|Burkina Faso||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cameroon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Cote d'Ivoire||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Egypt||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Ghana||50 / 100||50 / 100|
|Jordan||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Kuwait||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Lebanon||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Mali||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Morocco||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Niger||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Nigeria||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Oman||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Palestine||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Qatar||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Saudi Arabia||0 / 100||0 / 100|
|Tunisia||25 / 100||0 / 100|
|United Arab Emirates||25 / 100||0 / 100|