Personnel Risk:

Moderate

Score:

54/100

Leadership Behaviour

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Q34 50/100

Do the Defence Ministry, Defence Minister, Chiefs of Defence, and Single Service Chiefs publicly commit, through, for example, speeches, media interviews, or political mandates, to anti-corruption and integrity measures?

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Chiefs/Ministers: Internal communications Score: 50 / 100
There are many instances where high ranking military officers and the commander in chief have warned about corruption, and this has been consistent both…
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Chiefs/Ministers: Public commitment Score: 50 / 100
According to a local radio station, 93.3 KFM, youths from northern Uganda seeking to join the UPDF have been asked to avoid corruption. This…
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Unit commanders and leaders Score: 50 / 100
The head of State House Anti-Corruption Unit, Lieutenant Colonel Edith Nakalema, called upon Uganda People‚Äôs Defence Forces (UPDF) officers to be exemplary and join…
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Q35 75/100

Are there effective measures in place for personnel found to have taken part in forms of bribery and corruption, and is there evidence that these measures are being carried out?

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Sanctions Score: 100 / 100
According to Section 29 of the UPDF Act (2005) the Inspectorate of Defence forces has the powers to; a) ensure accountability and transparency within…
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Enforcement Score: 50 / 100
There are strong measures in place when dealing with corruption and other related crimes. Sometimes a military general court-martial gives appropriate sentences to those…
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Q36 42/100

Is whistleblowing encouraged by the government, and are whistle-blowers in military and defence ministries afforded adequate protection from reprisal for reporting evidence of corruption, in both law and practice?

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Legal provisions Score: 75 / 100
There is a legislation called The Whistle Blowers Protection Act, 2010 . This law was meant to protect whistleblowers who report corrupt officials and…
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Prioritisation Score: 25 / 100
In theory, the government is committed in fighting corruption. The government set up the Inspectorate of Government which is an independent institution charged with…
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Effectiveness Score: 25 / 100
The Whistle Blowers Protection Act is meant to protect whistleblowers. It also provides the procedures by which individuals in both the private and public…
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Q37 33/100

Is special attention paid to the selection, time in post, and oversight of personnel in sensitive positions, including officials and personnel in defence procurement, contracting, financial management, and commercial management?

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Coverage of sensitive (higher-risk) positions Score: 50 / 100
Many factors are considered when making appointments. Article 8 Section J of the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) Act 2005, grants the commander-in-chief of…
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Selection process Score: 0 / 100
The President of Uganda has the powers to select and appoint any officer to any rank at any time as he so wishes. Therefore,…
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Oversight Score: 50 / 100
Like all the other government ministries, the Minsitry of defence is subject to parliament’s Appointment Committees which scruitinize sensitive appointments most especially if these…
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Payroll, Promotions, Appointments, Rewards

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Q38 8/100

Is the number of civilian and military personnel accurately known and publicly available?

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Accuracy Score: 25 / 100
According to Lieutenant Colonel Deo Akiiki [1], all the salaries of the employees of the MoDVA are paid by the Ministry of Finance, Planning…
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Transparency Score: 0 / 100
While one can easily have access to the total number of employees in many government ministries, it is not usually the case with that…
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Ghost soldiers Score: 0 / 100
The military was presented with a case of a ghost soldier in the last five years. In March 2017, there was a case against…
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Q39 50/100

Are pay rates and allowances for civilian and military personnel openly published?

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Pay rates Score: 50 / 100
Pay rates for all civilian and military personnel are published in service publications, they are only disaggregated by rank for civilian employees. There is…
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Allowances Score: 50 / 100
Information on the allowances for civilian and military personnel is available from the Ministerial Policy Statement 2019/2020, but it does not include criteria for…
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Q40 83/100

Do personnel receive the correct pay on time, and is the system of payment well-established, routine, and published?

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Timeliness Score: 100 / 100
One of the objectives of the Ministry of Defence and Veterans Affairs (MoDVA) is to ensure that salaries are paid on time. The Ministerial…
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Accuracy Score: 100 / 100
Salaries are paid according to the salary scales detailed in the policy statement [1]. There are no cases of late or incorrect pay [2].
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Transparency Score: 50 / 100
While the salaries are paid centrally by the ministry of finance, planning and economic development, the allowances are paid by the MoDVA [1]. If…
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Q41 17/100

Is there an established, independent, transparent, and objective appointment system for the selection of military personnel at middle and top management level?

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Formal process Score: 50 / 100
Promotions in the UPDF are supposed to be regulated by the UPDF Act and Regulations- Conditions of Service for officers (CS-O). Regulation 25 (1)…
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Scrutiny Score: 0 / 100
According to the UPDF Act, there are clear provisions for promotions in the army [1]. The UPDF Act does not provide any provisions for…
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Transparency Score: 0 / 100
There is no clear information available to the public about the appointment process. Sometimes, appointments are made as a form of reward for what…
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Q42 75/100

Are personnel promoted through an objective, meritocratic process? Such a process would include promotion boards outside of the command chain, strong formal appraisal processes, and independent oversight.

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Formal process Score: 75 / 100
Section 21 of the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) Act focuses on the Unit Promotions Board for lower ranks [1]. While Section 55 (1)…
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Exceptions Score: 50 / 100
Promotions in the UPDF is based on the UPDF Act 2005 [1], although most of the times, the criteria stipulated in the UPDF Act…
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Comprehensiveness Score: 75 / 100
When the commander-in-chief makes promotions, details including name, rank, new post and effective date are listed [1, 2]. Most of the civilian appointments are…
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Frequency Score: 100 / 100
Every time there are new postings and promotions, these are communicated through an army spokesperson; it is then passed to all the major media…
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Conscription and Recruitment

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Q43 NA/100

Where compulsory conscription occurs, is there a policy of not accepting bribes for avoiding conscription? Are there appropriate procedures in place to deal with such bribery, and are they applied?

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Policy Score: NA / 100
This indicator is scored Not Applicable, as there is no policy in Uganda for compulsory conscription. On the contrary, Section 51 (3) of the…
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Sanctions Score: NA / 100
This indicator is scored Not Applicable, as there are no sanctions because compulsory conscription does not take place. Section 51 (3) of the UPDF…
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Enforcement Score: NA / 100
This indicator is scored Not Applicable, as there is no policy in Uganda for compulsory conscription. On the contrary, Section 51 (3) of the…
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Q44 83/100

is there a policy of refusing bribes to gain preferred postings? Are there appropriate procedures in place to deal with such bribery, and are they applied?

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Policy Score: 100 / 100
Section 176 of the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) Act 2005 [1] focuses on fraudulent offences. Subsection (b) states: “that a person subject to…
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Sanctions Score: 100 / 100
Section 176 (c) of the UPDF Act 2005 [1]states that: “any person who receives directly or indirectly, whether personally or by or through any…
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Enforcement Score: 50 / 100
According to the UPDF’s chief of legal services [1] and the deputy army spokesperson [2], there are many cases of personnel that have been…
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Salary Chain

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Q45 100/100

Are chains of command separate from chains of payment?

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Score: 100 / 100
According to Lieutenant Colonel Deo Akiiki, the Ministry of Defence and Veterans Affairs is paid by the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development…
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Values and Standards

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Q46 81/100

Is there a Code of Conduct for all military personnel that includes, but is not limited to, guidance with respect to bribery, gifts and hospitality, conflicts of interest, and post-separation activities? Is there evidence that breaches of the Code of Conduct are effectively addressed?

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Code of conduct Score: 50 / 100
Section 118 (1) of the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) Act states that there shall be a code of conduct to guide and discipline…
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Transparency Score: 100 / 100
The Code of Conduct is distributed to the military [1] during their training. For any interested person, a copy can be accessed online [2,…
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Enforcement Score: 75 / 100
The UPDF have been arresting soldiers who breach the Code of Conduct. At least sixteen members of the security forces were reportedly held in…
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Training Score: 100 / 100
Under the Seventh Schedule of the UPDF Act, there are a number of items which are considered as central to the discipline and cohesion…
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Q47 75/100

Is there a Code of Conduct for all civilian personnel that includes, but is not limited to, guidance with respect to bribery, gifts and hospitality, conflicts of interest, and post-separation activities? Is there evidence that breaches of the Code of Conduct are effectively addressed?

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Code of conduct Score: 50 / 100
All civil servants are governed by the Code of Conduct and Ethics for the Uganda Public Service. The Public Service as the implementing arm…
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Transparency Score: 100 / 100
The Code of Conduct and Ethics for Uganda Public Service[1] is distributed to all the civil servants upon their first appointment and is available…
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Enforcement Score: NEI / 100
There is not enough information to score this indicator due to lack of access relating to evidence on enforcement relating to civilian employees at…
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Training Score: NEI / 100
There is not enough information to score this indicator, as it could not be established if guidance on the code of conduct is included…
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Q48 17/100

Does regular anti-corruption training take place for military and civilian personnel?

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Comprehensiveness Score: 25 / 100
There are no specialised training on corruption related topics which is conducted by the ministry of defence per say but occassional trainings takes place…
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Regularity Score: 25 / 100
Training take place in the Ministry of Defence and Veterans Affairs (MoDVA) for both the military and civilians [1]. The MoDVA often receives trainers…
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Coverage of personnel Score: 0 / 100
According to the deputy army spokesperson, promotions comes with more responsibilities that call for further training [1], while an MP claimed that the whole…
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Q49 33/100

Is there a policy to make public outcomes of the prosecution of defence services personnel for corrupt activities, and is there evidence of effective prosecutions in recent years?

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Policy Score: 50 / 100
According to Lieutenant Colonel Deo Akiiki [1], and the chief legal officer of the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) [2], the UPDF has an…
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Transparency Score: 25 / 100
The Independent [1] reported that two UPDF soldiers were charged before the General Court Martial in Makindye for fraud-related offences. Major Kapalaga Lubega, attached…
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Effectiveness Score: 25 / 100
Some MPs [1] observed that the effectiveness of these cases depends on whether the accused people are considered to be anti or pro-establishment. In…
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Q50 42/100

Are there effective measures in place to discourage facilitation payments (which are illegal in almost all countries)?

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Legal framework Score: 100 / 100
Section 176 (b) of the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) Act 2005 states that “a person who is subject to military law who improperly…
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Enforcement Score: 0 / 100
Facilitation payments are common when it comes to deals in the Ministry of Defence and Veterans Affairs (MoDVA). They work like power brokers [1].…
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Prevalence Score: 25 / 100
The defence sector is prone to facilitation payments inorder to win the many lucrative contracts. Given the fact that most of the procurement opportunities…
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