We are an international programme of Transparency International situated within Transparency International UK in London.
In 2000, Transparency International UK brought together governments, defence companies, academics, and civil society organisations to consider whether circumstances had changed so that it would be possible for civil society to engage with the problem of corruption in the defence sector and national defence establishments.
Today, Transparency International Defence & Security Programme is an international programme of Transparency International situated within Transparency International UK in London.
Since 2004, we have actively engaged with the defence and security ministries and armed forces of a wide range of countries, including Colombia, Norway, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Ukraine, the UK, Greece, Croatia and Bosnia. We have also worked directly with individuals from defence ministries, security ministries and armed forces from more than 35 nations through training programmes, research, workshops and roundtables, and high-level policy action.
Katherine Dixon joined Transparency International’s Defence & Security Programme (DSP) as Programme Director in March 2015. Katherine is a former British diplomat. Her last role in government was as Private Secretary to the British Foreign Secretary. She has a background working on arms control issues and nuclear proliferation. Prior to that, she spent several years posted in China, and has also worked as a political analyst in the Ministry of Defence covering Afghanistan. Katherine has a degree from Cambridge, a Masters in Chinese Studies from SOAS, speaks Mandarin and has been awarded an MBE.
Tobias Bock manages the Accountable Defence Sectors team, which produces TI’s flagship Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI), and is the Deputy to Director Katherine Dixon. He joined DSP in 2010 and led on successful efforts to ensure anti-corruption measures in the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). He also led on securing funding that enabled DSP to more than double in size, as well as on the introduction of a monitoring, evaluation, and learning system which has been recognised as good practice in the sector. Prior to this he worked for Haus Rissen, an International Institute for Politics and Economics in Hamburg. Tobias studied in Osnabrück, Oslo, and Birmingham and holds an MA in Security Studies (with Distinction) and a BA in European Studies (Political Science / Public, Private, and International Law / Modern and Contemporary History).
Leah Wawro manages the Conflict and Insecurity team within DSP. She first joined DSP in 2011 working on research and liaising with TI national chapters. During her time here she has led on advocacy and communications, and prior to that was the civil society officer leading on work with the TI chapters and other NGOs worldwide, as well as contributing to the 2013 Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI). Before joining DSP, Leah worked with War Child (UK), Armadillo at Large, and Air America Media. She also worked as a volunteer with UNRWA and the Iraqi Student Project in Damascus, Syria. From 2014-15, Leah was a Network Fellow at Harvard University’s Edmund J. Safra Center for Ethics, where she worked on research into institutional corruption in the defence sectors of states transitioning to democracy. Leah holds an MA in International Relations and Arabic from the University of St Andrews.
Eva is a specialist financial crimes lawyer and investigator, she joined TI Defence & Security from TI Rep. of Georgia where she monitored NATO Defence Reforms, public procurement and government investment funds. Eva served as a member of the Rule of Law Subcommittee at the American Chamber of Commerce in Tbilisi, advising on state asset misappropriation and monitoring court proceedings. Previously Eva worked for Goldman Sachs, advising on AML controls, for the Financial Conduct Authority’s market abuse division and for PwC’s Forensic Investigations Division. A scholar of Middle Temple, she is a qualified Barrister and worked as a lead researcher for ‘Insider Dealing: Law and Practice’, published by Blackstones, Oxford University Press in 2013.
Hannah joined DSP in November 2015. Prior to taking up the role as Senior Development Officer, she was a project manager with TI Georgia, managing the Business of Government Programme. She was a programme and policy officer with the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), and later with the Australian Department for Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). She has experience in international development across Eastern Europe; Central, East and South-East Asia.
Amira is responsible for TI’s campaign for global standards for responsible defence and security governance. Previously, she ran the Africa Programme and before that was a member of the Transparency International Secretariat in Berlin. Prior to joining TI, Amira worked at children’s rights organisations in London and Cairo. She holds an MA in Globalisation and Development Studies from Maastricht University and speaks German, Arabic, French and Spanish.
Hilary joined in 2015 as Project Officer for the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index. Prior to joining DSP she worked on defence and security issues at Chatham House, RUSI, and Foreign Policy. A 2013 Marshall Scholar, she completed an MPhil in International Relations & Politics at Cambridge University and an MA in Conflict, Security and Development (CSD) at King’s College London. She is proficient in Spanish, German, Russian, and French.
Eléonore joined DSP in October 2013. She is the main point of contact for our work in Sub-Saharan Africa and has been managing projects in several countries, including Nigeria, Kenya, Cote d’Ivoire and Burundi. Prior to joining TI, she worked for the EU Delegation to the International Organisations in Vienna (European External Action Service) as well as for the French Permanent Missions to the UN in New York and Geneva. She holds an MA in International Studies & Diplomacy from SOAS and a BA in European Social & Political Studies from UCL.
Karolina joined DSP in August 2014. She leads the team’s work with NATO on the political and military levels and is responsible for research and policy recommendations aiming to mitigate the impact of corruption on interventions in fragile states. Prior to joining TI, Karolina worked at the UK House of Commons, managing inquiries for the Environmental Audit Committee and supporting the Committee on Standards. She holds a PhD in War Studies from King’s College London, where she focused on the Canadian deployment in Afghanistan as part of the International Security Assistance Force.
Andy joined Transparency International in November 2016 as the Head of Industry Integrity, for the Defence and Security Programme. His team works with industry and policymakers to address corruption risks within the international arms trade. Andy has a law enforcement background, having spent nearly a decade as a Scotland Yard detective. During this time, he specialised in the investigation of bribery, corruption and organised crime. He has worked with a variety of industry partners and international law enforcement agencies; and has advised on the Bribery Act and corruption proofing. Prior to his career in the police, Andy was a producer for a defence conferencing company, working with industry and international militaries. Andy has a degree in War Studies from King’s College London.
Eva joined DSP in November 2015. She works to ensure the smooth running of the programme, involved in all aspects of the work from admin to research, advocacy and comms. Eva has a background in human rights and international development. She graduated from the London School of Economics in 2012 with a BSc in International Relations and before joining TI gained experience working with NGOs, UK government and private business.
Gavin joined DSP in August 2014. He is in charge of our training and capacity building work which sees staff and consultants working in the following areas: course development and delivery, hosting secondments, leadership days, seminars and roundtables, and routine engagements. Gavin has experience in stabilisation, security sector reform and human security in conflict and post-conflict environments. Prior to joining DSP, he worked on a variety of humanitarian and security-related programmes in Afghanistan, Iraq, Central African Republic and Liberia. He holds an MA in African Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Bradford with a research focus on population-centric justice &security reform initiatives.
Sir Ian Andrews has pursued a wide range of security interests since retiring as Second Permanent Secretary of the UK Ministry of Defence in 2009. From 2009-2013, he was Non-Executive Chairman of the UK Serious Organised Crime Agency – now part of the National Crime Agency – and is the Senior Independent Director of NHS Digital where he chairs the Information Assurance and Cyber Security Committee. He has been closely involved in leading transformational change in large and complex public sector organisations. As senior adviser to the TI Defence and Security programme, Sir Ian is a senior advisor to the board committee of TI-DS and also contributes to various public sector and academic leadership initiatives.
Stewart Eldon retired from the UK Diplomatic Service in 2010 where he held Ambassadorial appointments at the UN in New York and Ireland. In 2006 he was appointed UK Permanent Representative to NATO at the introduction of the Building Integrity initiative. Sir Stewart is also now a senior advisor to the board committee of TI-DS. In addition to his work with the TI-DS, he is Senior Civil Advisor to the Higher Command & Staff Course at the UK Joint Services Command & Staff College and sits on the Advisory Boards of the Staff College and of the Strategy & Security Institute at the University of Exeter. He holds a number of quasi-judicial appointments and is a member of The Ambassador Partnership LLP providing training & consultancy services to a wide range of international organisations, governments and private sector clients.
Patrick Nopens retired as a Cavalry officer from the Belgian Army in 2008. He served in the Army and Joint Staffs as well as in the Belgian Delegation to NATO and in SHAPE. He was head of the Strategic Studies Department at the Belgian War College. He served twice as Defence Attaché to Moscow, also accredited in the CIS. He holds an MA in Military and Social Studies, an Advanced MA in American Studies, a Postgraduate degree in Eastern European Studies and an MA in Military Art and Science. He attended the Belgian and U.S. Army Staff Course and the Belgian War College. He speaks fluent Dutch, English, French and conversational German and Russian.
Alan Waldron was a member of the original TI team which introduced anticorruption mechanisms and advocacy into the defence sector and has led the development and implementation of corruption risk reduction engagement and tools with a wide range of Governments including Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Colombia, Serbia and Ukraine; and originated the very successful Building Integrity training programme which has been delivered at a range of venues globally and has formed the basis of many NATO, UK and National programmes. A former RAF Director of Training he was also the Director of Air Operations in the UK Ministry of Defence.
Matthew Page was until recently the U.S. intelligence community’s top expert on Nigeria. For more than a decade, senior policymakers at the White House, State Department, Defense Department, and in Congress have sought out his analysis on Africa’s most populous country and largest economy. Matthew is the co-author of Nigeria: What Everyone Needs to Know, forthcoming from Oxford University Press. He is also a former International Affairs Fellow with the Council on Foreign Relations. Previously with the Department of State’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Matthew also served as Deputy National Intelligence Officer for Africa with the U.S. National Intelligence Council. He also served as senior analyst for West Africa at the Defense Intelligence Agency and as an Africa analyst with the U.S. Marine Corps.
After a career with the British Army, which included operational tours in Northern Ireland, Kuwait / Iraq and the Former Yugoslavia, Nick Seymour worked in the UK Mission to the UN as Military Advisor. Subsequently he moved to the UN itself as Chief of Military Planning in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations and then as Chief of the Department’s African Union Peace Support Team. In both appointments the challenges posed by corruption, particularly in fragile states, were all too clear and on leaving the UN in 2011 he joined Transparency International Defence and Security. His background as a planner and trainer, combined with his UN peacekeeping experience, provide him with a broad perspective and he is actively engaged in supporting the programme’s objectives to raise awareness of corruption risk and develop training.
Tim Watts finished his regular forces career as a brigadier in 2016, having been the Army’s Signal Officer-in-Chief and subsequently director of a large, overseas procurement programme. Earlier in his career, as a commander and team member, he was involved in military operations, peacekeeping and security sector stabilization in DRC, South Sudan and Darfur, training and procurement. Alongside his work with TI DS as a trainer, mentor and adviser he now consults into the UK MOD and other organisations at home and abroad on IT and communications, and more generally on cyber security and defence transformation. As a reserve forces brigadier he chairs the MOD’s equivalent of Employment Tribunals.
Jenni Douglas-Todd has over 30 years public sector experience, mainly security. She represented UK government in UN & EU negotiations including the Czech Republic, New York and Durban. Director of Policy & Research for the UK Independent Police Complaints Commission from 2003-06 leading on conduct matters, from 2006-09 she led the establishment of the legislative/conceptual framework for a law enforcement complaints & conduct system in Turkey. She was CEO for policing in Hampshire from 2009-13 with oversight of high profile conduct & corruption investigations and CEO’s representative on the National Police Procurement Board. As a management consultant, Jenni has continued to work on defence and security matters in the UK and remains a member of the Judicial Conduct Investigative Office..
Members of the the Independent Defence Anti-Corruption Committee / Nezalezhny Antikorrupciynii Komitet z pytan oborony (NAKO). NAKO’s committee is comprised of six members, three national – Sevgil Musaeva, Volodymyr Ogryzko, Oleh Rybachuk (co-chair) – and three international experts – Lt Gen Tim Evans, Drago Kos (co-chair), and James Wasserstrom.
Click here for more information about NAKO
Lt Gen Timothy Evans CB CBE DSO joined the British Army in August 1982 and served with the infantry and Special Forces, commanding troops from platoon to corps level. Experience in crisis management in high-risk environments worldwide, including operations in Africa, Middle East, and Afghanistan – involving counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism, and stabilisation operations.
Evans recently left the Services having been the Commander of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps – a NATO High Readiness Headquarters.
Drago Kos is the Chair of the OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions. He used to be International Commissioner, and occasional Chair of the Joint Independent Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) in Afghanistan. Between 2003 and 2011 he was the Chairman of the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO). Between 2004 and 2010 he was the first Chairman of the Commission for the Prevention of Corruption in Slovenia. Prior to that he was a Deputy Director of the Slovenian Criminal Investigation Directorate, the Head of the Organised Crime Section of the Slovenian Police, and a member of the Council of Europe’s Group of Specialists on Organised Crime. He used to be a soccer player and UEFA/FIFA referee and is now a UEFA/FIFA referee observer.
Sevhil Musaieva-Borovyk is a Ukrainian journalist from Crimea, Ukraine, chief-editor of internet publishing Ukrayinska Pravda and an initiator of creating the Krym_SOS foundation. Born in 1987 in Juma near Samarkand, Sevhil returned with her family to Crimea in 1989 when the restrictions against the Crimean Tatars in the Soviet Union were abandoned. In 2004-2010 she studied at the Journalism Institute of Kiev National University. During that period Musaieva also worked for various business news agencies and publishers such as Ekonomichni novyny, Delo, Vlast deneg. From June 2011 to August 2013 she worked as a correspondent for “Forbes Ukraine” until it was bought by Serhiy Kurchenko – young tycoon and a central figure of Sevhil’s investigations. In February 2014, she launched Hubs as business news web portal, becoming its Editor in Chief. After the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation, she also became one of the founders of Krym_SOS. Since October 2014 Musaieva has been an Editor and Chief of Ukrayinska Pravda.
Oleh Rybachuk graduated from the Faculty of Philology of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (1975-1980) with a degree in English and French languages and earned the second higher education diploma at the Finance and Credit Faculty of Kyiv National Economic University (1993-1996) with a qualification in economics. In 1997, he studied at the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service. Rybachuk worked as an Inspector and a Senior Inspector at the Kyiv Customs. He has held several positions in the private sector, including Head of the Department of foreign exchange transactions at Kyiv Joint Stock Commercial Exchange Bank «Kyyivbirzhbank», Chief of the Foreign Relations Department, Head of the International Banking Relations Department, and Director of the International Relations Department of the National Bank of Ukraine, and Vice-President of the Black Sea Trade and Development Bank (Thessaloniki, Greece). Rybachuk has also been Chairman of the Supervisory Council of JSC “Oschadbank”, a member of the Supervisory Council of JSC “Ukreximbank”, and a member of the Supervisory Council of PJSC “ArcelorMittal Kryvyi Rih”.
In 1999-2001 Rybachuk served as the Head of the Prime Minister’s Office in the Secretariat of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. In April 2002, he was elected a Member of the Verkhovna Rada, and served through March 2005. In 2005, Rybachuk was the Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine on European Integration. From 2005 to 2006 Rybachuk was appointed State Secretary of Ukraine, and the Chief of Staff to the President of Ukraine. In May-October 2006 — the Secretary of the Political Council under the President of Ukraine. He was also a member of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine. In September 2006 he was appointed an Advisor to the President of Ukraine. From December 2007 – non-staff Advisor to the President of Ukraine. In 2008, Rybachuk ceased his duties as presidential advisor.
From 2009 to now, Rybachuk has been chairman and co-founder of the NGO «Centre UA», and one of the initiators of the «New Citizen» Public Campaign, the Civil movement “Chesno”, the coalition of civil society organizations “Reanimation Package of Reforms”, and a co-founder of the think tank “Collegium of Anna Yaroslavna”.
Dr. Volodymyr Ogryzko began his career in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (MFA) in 1978, and undertook military service from 1981 to 1983. He was Third Secretary- Counsellor in the MFA, and Counsellor in the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Germany and in Austria. From 1996 to 1999, he was the Head of the Foreign Policy Department of the Presidential Administration. From there, he became Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the Austrian Republic and Permanent Representative to the OSCE and other international organizations in Vienna. Following that post, he became First Deputy Minister, and then, from 2007-2009, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, and member of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine. From March 2009 to April 2010, he was First Deputy Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine. Since 2014, Dr. Ogryzko has been CEO of the Centre for Russian Studies. He also holds a PhD in History.
James Wasserstrom is a Former Head of Oversight of Public Utilities at the UN Mission in Kosovo, where he blew the whistle on misconduct involving UN officials and a local company. Following this, he was the Chief Operating Officer at VREthics Ltd. He then became a Senior Advisor on Anti-Corruption at the US Embassy in Kabul, where he was involved in the establishment of the Monitoring and Evaluation Committee, and then became strategy advisor and lead on anticorruption at the Lessons Learned Program for SIGAR Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction.