We are an international programme of Transparency International situated within Transparency International UK in London.
In 2000, Transparency International UK brought together governments, defence companies, academics, and civil society organisations to consider whether circumstances had changed so that it would be possible for civil society to engage with the problem of corruption in the defence sector and national defence establishments.
Today, Transparency International Defence & Security Programme is an international programme of Transparency International situated within Transparency International UK in London.
Since 2004, we have actively engaged with the defence and security ministries and armed forces of a wide range of countries, including Colombia, Norway, Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Ukraine, the UK, Greece, Croatia and Bosnia. We have also worked directly with individuals from defence ministries, security ministries and armed forces from more than 35 nations through training programmes, research, workshops and roundtables, and high-level policy action.
Katherine Dixon joined Transparency International’s Defence & Security Programme (DSP) as Programme Director in March 2015. Katherine is a former British diplomat. Her last role in government was as Private Secretary to the British Foreign Secretary. She has a background working on arms control issues and nuclear proliferation. Prior to that, she spent several years posted in China, and has also worked as a political analyst in the Ministry of Defence covering Afghanistan. Katherine has a degree from Cambridge, a Masters in Chinese Studies from SOAS, speaks Mandarin and has been awarded an MBE.
Tobias Bock manages the Accountable Defence Sectors team, which produces TI’s flagship Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI), and is the Deputy to Director Katherine Dixon. He joined DSP in 2010 and led on successful efforts to ensure anti-corruption measures in the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). He also led on securing funding that enabled DSP to more than double in size, as well as on the introduction of a monitoring, evaluation, and learning system which has been recognised as good practice in the sector. Prior to this he worked for Haus Rissen, an International Institute for Politics and Economics in Hamburg. Tobias studied in Osnabrück, Oslo, and Birmingham and holds an MA in Security Studies (with Distinction) and a BA in European Studies (Political Science / Public, Private, and International Law / Modern and Contemporary History).
Leah Wawro manages the Conflict and Insecurity team within DSP. She first joined DSP in 2011 working on research and liaising with TI national chapters. During her time here she has led on advocacy and communications, and prior to that was the civil society officer leading on work with the TI chapters and other NGOs worldwide, as well as contributing to the 2013 Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI). Before joining DSP, Leah worked with War Child (UK), Armadillo at Large, and Air America Media. She also worked as a volunteer with UNRWA and the Iraqi Student Project in Damascus, Syria. From 2014-15, Leah was a Network Fellow at Harvard University’s Edmund J. Safra Center for Ethics, where she worked on research into institutional corruption in the defence sectors of states transitioning to democracy. Leah holds an MA in International Relations and Arabic from the University of St Andrews.
Tehmina joined DSP in February 2014, having worked previously on the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI) 2013. She led on methodology for the 2015 GI and the police anti-corruption assessment tool, and is now leading DSP’s work in Asia. Before her time at DSP, she worked with the International Labour Organization and ICCO & Kerk in Actie on projects relating to HIV/AIDS, child rights and protection and fair economic development. Tehmina holds an MSc in Development Economics from the University of Sussex.
Eva joined DSP in July 2014 as Project Manager of the 2015 Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI), after working for TI’s Chapter in the Republic of Georgia monitoring defence sector and procurement reforms. She has delivered Building Integrity training seminars for NATO and now acts as a legal advisor to the programme. She leads on enforcement research and policy recommendations for suspension and debarment regimes. Eva is a qualified Barrister and Middle Templar scholar with extensive experience in corruption and financial crime investigations having worked for Goldman Sachs, the Financial Services Authority (now FCA), the UK’s market abuse regulator, Outer Temple Chambers, PWC’s Forensic Investigations Division and the Rule of Law Subcommittee at the American Chamber of Commerce, Rep. of Georgia. Eva holds a BA in European Studies and an LLB in Law. She is fluent in Spanish and proficient in French and Portuguese.
Hannah joined DSP in November 2015. Prior to taking up the role as Senior Development Officer, she was a project manager with TI Georgia, managing the Business of Government Programme. She was a programme and policy officer with the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID), and later with the Australian Department for Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). She has experience in international development across Eastern Europe; Central, East and South-East Asia.
Amira is responsible for building and coordinating the network of TI chapters and other organisations working on defence anti-corruption. She is currently driving TI-DSP’s campaign for global standards for responsible defence and security governance. Previously, she ran TI DSP’s Africa Programme and before that was a member of the Transparency International Secretariat in Berlin. Prior to joining TI, Amira worked at children’s rights organisations in London and Cairo. She holds an MA in Globalisation and Development Studies from Maastricht University and speaks German, Arabic, French and Spanish.
Hilary joined in 2015 as Project Officer for the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index. Prior to joining DSP she worked on defence and security issues at Chatham House, RUSI, and Foreign Policy. A 2013 Marshall Scholar, she completed an MPhil in International Relations & Politics at Cambridge University and an MA in Conflict, Security and Development (CSD) at King’s College London. She is proficient in Spanish, German, Russian, and French.
Ivo joined TI in June 2014. He communicates the programme’s mission to a variety of audiences, works with the media and monitors defence corruption stories around the world. Prior to joining the team, Ivo interned with the International Criminal Court, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the EU Special Representative in Kosovo and served as a pro bono legal adviser on international humanitarian law. Ivo holds a BSc in International Relations and History from the London School of Economics and an LLM in Public International Law from Leiden University.
Karolina joined DSP in August 2014. She leads the team’s work with NATO on the political and military levels and is responsible for research and policy recommendations aiming to mitigate the impact of corruption on interventions in fragile states. Prior to joining TI, Karolina worked at the UK House of Commons, managing inquiries for the Environmental Audit Committee and supporting the Committee on Standards. She holds a PhD in War Studies from King’s College London, where she focused on the Canadian deployment in Afghanistan as part of the International Security Assistance Force.
Michelle joined DSP in 2013. She works on research and project coordination in the Industry Integrity team, with a focus on high risk areas within the global trade in arms, such as offset contracting. Prior to joining TI, Michelle worked on education policy, social mobility, and compliance and financial crime risk. She holds an MA in International Studies with a focus on global anti-corruption strategies.
Stefanie joined DSP in December 2013. She manages capacity building and advocacy projects in a select number of fragile and conflict states including Afghanistan, Ukraine, and Armenia. Prior to joining TI, Stefanie worked with a Cameroonian NGO implementing development projects funded by the EU and UN Women. Prior to that, she spent several years working as an analyst at NATO, where she provided civilian perspectives of emerging security challenges to senior defence leadership. Stefanie has published numerous reports related to governance and post-conflict reconstruction and worked on the editorial staff of Stability: International Journal of Security & Development. Stefanie holds an MA in International Political Economy and Development.
Eva joined DSP in November 2015. She works to ensure the smooth running of the programme, involved in all aspects of the work from admin to research, advocacy and comms. Eva has a background in human rights and international development. She graduated from the London School of Economics in 2012 with a BSc in International Relations and before joining TI gained experience working with NGOs, UK government and private business.
Gavin joined DSP in August 2014. He is in charge of our training and capacity building work which sees staff and consultants working in the following areas: course development and delivery, hosting secondments, leadership days, seminars and roundtables, and routine engagements. Gavin has experience in stabilisation, security sector reform and human security in conflict and post-conflict environments. Prior to joining DSP, he worked on a variety of humanitarian and security-related programmes in Afghanistan, Iraq, Central African Republic and Liberia. He holds an MA in African Peace and Conflict Studies from the University of Bradford with a research focus on population-centric justice &security reform initiatives.
Eléonore joined DSP in October 2013. She is the main point of contact for our work in Sub-Saharan Africa and has been managing projects in several countries, including Nigeria, Kenya, Cote d’Ivoire and Burundi. Prior to joining TI, she worked for the EU Delegation to the International Organisations in Vienna (European External Action Service) as well as for the French Permanent Missions to the UN in New York and Geneva. She holds an MA in International Studies & Diplomacy from SOAS and a BA in European Social & Political Studies from UCL.