Tunisia

Promoting integrity in defence

This project is conducted in collaboration with I WATCH

Military expenditure in Tunisia has increased to over 2% of the country’s GDP in recent years as counter-terrorism has become a government priority. The country has been under a state of emergency since 2015, due to continued conflict in neighbouring states and increased support for non-state armed actors and extremist groups. Despite this, Tunisia’s defence sector faces high corruption risks, largely due to its secretive nature and the difficulties for Tunisian citizens to access information on military spending and equipment. While the armed forces benefit from a high level of public trust and have made several commitments to strengthen integrity within the defence system, implementation of these commitments has, to date, been uneven. Moving forward on defence sector reforms would improve the military’s ability to respond to potential threats.

Strengthening governmental institutions, including through transparency and accountability to citizens, is also crucial in a nascent democracy such as Tunisia, to ensure that the government is capable of responding to the population’s needs. As part of this, Transparency International established a project in 2018 to advocate for the Ministry of Defence to strengthen access to information and accountability to Tunisian citizens.

We have been working in partnership with I WATCH, Transparency International’s chapter in Tunisia, since 2017. The primary aim of our Tunisia country programme is to promote improved transparency and encourage tangible reform within the Tunisian defence sector, by bolstering the capacity of civil society and supporting democratic civilian oversight of the sector. Transparency International – Defence & Security and I WATCH are keen to engage with the Ministry of Defence throughout the development of the Government Defence Integrity Index, all the while strengthening external oversight of the defence sector and raising civil society awareness of the importance of defence sector oversight.

In order to achieve these aims, we established an independent monitoring group comprised of Tunisian civil society and experts within the defence and security sectors in 2019 alongside I WATCH. The purpose of this group is to monitor the Tunisian defence sector’s progress in implementing reforms and improving transparency and accountability to Tunisian citizens. The group held its inaugural meeting in September 2019, where it identified its top priority issue areas to tackle in the coming year and developed an agenda for producing research and evidence-based advocacy.

Relevant publications

 

 

Relevant Publications
PDF cover of Corruption as Statecraft: Using Corrupt Practices as Foreign Policy Tools
Corruption as Statecraft: Using Corrupt Practices as Foreign Policy Tools
PDF cover of Building Integrity in Mali’s Defence and Security Sector
Building Integrity in Mali’s Defence and Security Sector
PDF cover of An Assessment of Corruption Risks in UN Peacekeeping Operations
An Assessment of Corruption Risks in UN Peacekeeping Operations
PDF cover of Corruption Risks and UN Peace Operations
Corruption Risks and UN Peace Operations
PDF cover of Military Involvement in Oil Theft in the Niger Delta
Military Involvement in Oil Theft in the Niger Delta
PDF cover of From Text to Practice: Applying Tunisia’s Access to Information Law to Defence
From Text to Practice: Applying Tunisia’s Access to Information Law to Defence
PDF cover of Poor Governance and Corruption in Ukraine’s Defence Housing System: Risks and Recommendations
Poor Governance and Corruption in Ukraine’s Defence Housing System: Risks and Recommendations
PDF cover of Six Red Flags: The Most Frequent Corruption Risks in Ukraine’s Defence Procurement
Six Red Flags: The Most Frequent Corruption Risks in Ukraine’s Defence Procurement
PDF cover of Out of the Shadows: Promoting Openness and Accountability in the Global Defence Industry
Out of the Shadows: Promoting Openness and Accountability in the Global Defence Industry
PDF cover of Reducing Corruption on Operations: A Tool for International Organisations
Reducing Corruption on Operations: A Tool for International Organisations
PDF cover of Global Standards for Responsible Defence Governance
Global Standards for Responsible Defence Governance
PDF cover of Camouflaged Cash: How ‘Security Votes’ Fuel Corruption in Nigeria
Camouflaged Cash: How ‘Security Votes’ Fuel Corruption in Nigeria
PDF cover of Tackling Corruption Risks in Tunisia’s Defence Sector
Tackling Corruption Risks in Tunisia’s Defence Sector
PDF cover of The Officers’ Republic: The Egyptian Military and Abuse of Power
The Officers’ Republic: The Egyptian Military and Abuse of Power
PDF cover of TI-DS Briefing – Corruption: A Pitfall for Peace & Justice
TI-DS Briefing – Corruption: A Pitfall for Peace & Justice
PDF cover of Just What the Doctor Ordered: Corruption Risks in the Ukranian Military’s Medical Supply
Just What the Doctor Ordered: Corruption Risks in the Ukranian Military’s Medical Supply
PDF cover of The Fifth Column: Understanding the Relationship Between Corruption and Conflict
The Fifth Column: Understanding the Relationship Between Corruption and Conflict
PDF cover of Mission Made Possible: External Oversight and Anti-Corruption in Fragile States
Mission Made Possible: External Oversight and Anti-Corruption in Fragile States
PDF cover of Making the System Work: Enhancing Security Assistance For Ukraine
Making the System Work: Enhancing Security Assistance For Ukraine
PDF cover of Weaponising Transparency: Defence Procurement Reform as a Counterterrorism Strategy in Nigeria
Weaponising Transparency: Defence Procurement Reform as a Counterterrorism Strategy in Nigeria
PDF cover of The Big Spin: Corruption and the growth of violent extremism
The Big Spin: Corruption and the growth of violent extremism
PDF cover of NAKO Terms of Reference
NAKO Terms of Reference
PDF cover of NAKO Members
NAKO Members
PDF cover of NAKO Mandate
NAKO Mandate
PDF cover of Evaluation of the functioning and impact of the EU Defence and Security Public Procurement Directive (2009/81/EC) across 20 EU states
Evaluation of the functioning and impact of the EU Defence and Security Public Procurement Directive (2009/81/EC) across 20 EU states
PDF cover of Letter submitted to H. E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Letter submitted to H. E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
PDF cover of Letter to Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General, NATO
Letter to Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General, NATO
PDF cover of Licence to Bribe? Reducing corruption risks around the use of agents in defence procurement
Licence to Bribe? Reducing corruption risks around the use of agents in defence procurement
PDF cover of Policy Brief: Strengthening Accountability in the Nigeria Defence Sector
Policy Brief: Strengthening Accountability in the Nigeria Defence Sector
PDF cover of Corruption & Peace Operations: Risks and recommendations for Troop Contributing Countries and the United Nations
Corruption & Peace Operations: Risks and recommendations for Troop Contributing Countries and the United Nations
PDF cover of Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index 2015
Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index 2015
PDF cover of Security assistance, corruption and fragile environments: Exploring the case of Mali 2001-2012
Security assistance, corruption and fragile environments: Exploring the case of Mali 2001-2012
PDF cover of Advocating for Peace, Justice and Security in Honduras
Advocating for Peace, Justice and Security in Honduras
PDF cover of MSC 2015: Corruption Threats to Stabilisation Missions and Defence Capacity Building
MSC 2015: Corruption Threats to Stabilisation Missions and Defence Capacity Building
PDF cover of Suspension & Debarment: Strengthening integrity in international defence contracting
Suspension & Debarment: Strengthening integrity in international defence contracting
PDF cover of Avgustina Tzvetkova: An interview with the Deputy Defence Minister of Bulgaria 2009 – 2013
Avgustina Tzvetkova: An interview with the Deputy Defence Minister of Bulgaria 2009 – 2013
PDF cover of Corruption: Lessons from the international mission in Afghanistan
Corruption: Lessons from the international mission in Afghanistan
PDF cover of Briefing for policy makers: Corruption – Lessons from the international mission in Afghanistan
Briefing for policy makers: Corruption – Lessons from the international mission in Afghanistan
PDF cover of Identifying Corruption Threats in the Defence and Security Sector: Empirical evidence using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index
Identifying Corruption Threats in the Defence and Security Sector: Empirical evidence using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index
PDF cover of Corruption Threats & International Missions: Practical guidance for leaders
Corruption Threats & International Missions: Practical guidance for leaders
PDF cover of Single Sourcing: A multi-country analysis of non-competitive defence procurement
Single Sourcing: A multi-country analysis of non-competitive defence procurement
PDF cover of Classified Information: A review of current legislation across 15 countries & the EU
Classified Information: A review of current legislation across 15 countries & the EU
PDF cover of The extent of single sourcing in defence procurement and its relevance as a corruption risk: A first look
The extent of single sourcing in defence procurement and its relevance as a corruption risk: A first look
PDF cover of Chapter: Unveiling the ‘Shadow World’ – Civil Society Engagement and Public Control of the Defense Sector
Chapter: Unveiling the ‘Shadow World’ – Civil Society Engagement and Public Control of the Defense Sector
PDF cover of Chapter: Defence procurement – understanding, identifying and addressing corruption risks
Chapter: Defence procurement – understanding, identifying and addressing corruption risks
PDF cover of Étude sur les aspects de l’intégrité de la Force de Défense Nationale du Burundi
Étude sur les aspects de l’intégrité de la Force de Défense Nationale du Burundi
PDF cover of Building Integrity in UK defence: Practical recommendations to reduce corruption risk
Building Integrity in UK defence: Practical recommendations to reduce corruption risk
PDF cover of Corruption as a threat to stability and peace
Corruption as a threat to stability and peace
PDF cover of Corruption & peacekeeping: Strengthening peacekeeping and the UN
Corruption & peacekeeping: Strengthening peacekeeping and the UN
PDF cover of Training the military and defence and security officials in understanding and preventing corruption
Training the military and defence and security officials in understanding and preventing corruption
PDF cover of Anti-corruption training course in Kabul for Afghan MOD and MOI senior officers
Anti-corruption training course in Kabul for Afghan MOD and MOI senior officers
PDF cover of Codes of conduct in defence ministries and armed forces: What makes a good code of conduct? A multi-country study (Arabic)
Codes of conduct in defence ministries and armed forces: What makes a good code of conduct? A multi-country study (Arabic)
PDF cover of Building integrity and reducing corruption in defence & security: 20 practical reforms (Spanish)
Building integrity and reducing corruption in defence & security: 20 practical reforms (Spanish)
PDF cover of The 3rd line of defence: How audits can help address defence corruption
The 3rd line of defence: How audits can help address defence corruption
PDF cover of Due diligence and corruption risk in defence industry offsets programmes
Due diligence and corruption risk in defence industry offsets programmes
PDF cover of Military-owned businesses: Corruption risk & reform
Military-owned businesses: Corruption risk & reform
PDF cover of Counter corruption reform in post-conflict countries
Counter corruption reform in post-conflict countries
PDF cover of The transparency of national defence budgets
The transparency of national defence budgets
PDF cover of Organised crime, corruption and the vulnerability of defence and security forces
Organised crime, corruption and the vulnerability of defence and security forces
PDF cover of A review of anti-corruption reform measures in the defence sector in Colombia
A review of anti-corruption reform measures in the defence sector in Colombia
PDF cover of Codes of conduct in defence ministries and armed forces: What makes a good code of conduct? A multi-country study
Codes of conduct in defence ministries and armed forces: What makes a good code of conduct? A multi-country study
PDF cover of Building integrity and reducing corruption in defence & security: 20 practical reforms
Building integrity and reducing corruption in defence & security: 20 practical reforms
PDF cover of Defence offsets: Addressing the risks of corruption & raising transparency
Defence offsets: Addressing the risks of corruption & raising transparency
PDF cover of Corruption & Security Assistance: Recommendations for donor states
Corruption & Security Assistance: Recommendations for donor states
PDF cover of Corruption Threats Assessment in Higher Military Education
Corruption Threats Assessment in Higher Military Education
PDF cover of Overview of Political Economy, Contracting and Corruption in Afghanistan
Overview of Political Economy, Contracting and Corruption in Afghanistan