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Defence Industry Influence on European Policy Agendas: Findings from Germany and Italy

The risks and impacts of inappropriate influence in the policy-making process, in which individuals or organisations try to persuade in favour of, or force their own agenda, are particularly significant in the defence and security sector. In this context, high levels of secrecy and complexity, combined with close relations between government, private experts, and the […]

Defence industry influence in Italy: Analysing defence industry influence on the Italian policy agenda

This report examines systemic vulnerabilities and influence pathways through which the Italian defence industry may exert undue influence on the national defence and security agenda. Compiled by Transparency International Defence and Security with the support of the Italian Coalition for Civil Liberties and Rights (CILD) and Osservatorio Mil€x, this report forms a case study as […]

Analisi dell’influenza dell’industria della difesa sull’agenda politica italiana

Questo rapporto esamina le vulnerabilità sistemiche e i possibili percorsi attraverso i quali l’industria italiana della difesa può esercitare un’influenza indebita sull’agenda politica nazionale in materia di difesa e sicurezza. I governi e l’industria dovrebbero mitigare il rischio di influenza indebita, rafforzando l’integrità delle istituzioni e dei processi politici e migliorando il controllo e la […]

L’Elément Manquant: lutter contre la corruption au travers des processus de réforme du secteur de la sécurité en Afrique de l’Ouest

Pendant des décennies, la stabilité en Afrique de l’Ouest a été grandement perturbée par les conflits internes, souvent financés par la vente illégale d’armes ou l’extraction illicite de ressources naturelles. Que ce soit au Liberia, en Sierra Leone et en Côte d’Ivoire ou au Mali, au Burkina Faso et au Nigeria, la corruption a souvent […]

The Missing Element: Addressing Corruption through Security Sector Reform in West Africa

This report argues that strengthening accountability and governance of groups including the armed forces, law enforcement and intelligence services – not just providing training and new equipment - is a crucial but often neglected component to successful security sector reform in West Africa.

Defence industry influence in Germany: Analysing defence industry influence on the German Policy Agenda

This report examines systemic vulnerabilities and influence pathways through which the German defence industry may exert inappropriate influence on the national defence and security agenda. Governments and industry should mitigate the risk of undue influence by strengthening the integrity of institutions and policy processes and improving the control and transparency of influence in the defence […]

Analyse des Einflusses der Rüstungsindustrie auf die Politik in Deutschland

Transparency Deutschland und Transparency International Defence & Security haben im Rahmen einer gemeinsamen Studie den Umfang möglicher Einflussnahme durch die deutsche Rüstungsindustrie auf die Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik untersucht. Das Ergebnis: Die Möglichkeit der Einflussnahme durch die Wirtschaft besteht, trotz der im Grundgesetz geforderten strikten Kontrolle von Politik und Beschaffung in diesem Bereich durch Parlament und Regierung. In […]

Trends in Defence & Security Corruption Arising from COVID-19

The COVID-19 crisis has significantly affected the role and expectations of defence and security forces, and shifted the trajectory of key global defence and security trends while simultaneously contributing to the emergence of new trends within the defence and security sector. Transparency International’s Defence and Security programme has worked to identify these trends as they […]

Global Standards for Responsible Defence Governance

The “Global Standards” initiative envisages the creation of an international political declaration, which would universalise norms around what it means to be a responsible power in the 21st Century, including commitments to basic transparency and accountability in one of the most opaque and closed-off sectors in the world. Such a global consensus would set a […]

Identifying Corruption Threats in the Defence and Security Sector: Empirical evidence using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index

This article contributes to the debate on conceptualizing corruption by suggesting that sector-specific typologies of corruption risks are useful heuristics that encourage understanding of corruption without attempting to define it in a way that is inherently contestable or inappropriately succinct. To develop this position, this article reflects on the difficulties in trying to define corruption […]

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Codes of conduct in defence ministries and armed forces: What makes a good code of conduct? A multi-country study (Arabic)

Corruption risk in defence and security establishments is a key concern for defence officials and senior military officers, as corruption wastes scarce resources, reduces operational effectiveness and reduces public trust in the armed forces and security services. Part of the solution to these risks is clear guidance on the behaviour expected of senior officers and […]

The 3rd line of defence: How audits can help address defence corruption

The theme of this report is the analysis of corruption risks in the financial and economic activities of the defence and security sectors, based on a review of the audit reports and law enforcement bodies’ reports published in the period from January 2010 to October 2011. The intention was to combine the approaches of external, […]

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