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Global Standards for Responsible Defence Governance

The “Global Standards” initiative envisages the creation of an international political declaration, which would universalise norms around what it means to be a responsible power in the 21st Century, including commitments to basic transparency and accountability in one of the most opaque and closed-off sectors in the world. Such a global consensus would set a […]

Identifying Corruption Threats in the Defence and Security Sector: Empirical evidence using the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index

This article contributes to the debate on conceptualizing corruption by suggesting that sector-specific typologies of corruption risks are useful heuristics that encourage understanding of corruption without attempting to define it in a way that is inherently contestable or inappropriately succinct. To develop this position, this article reflects on the difficulties in trying to define corruption […]

Codes of conduct in defence ministries and armed forces: What makes a good code of conduct? A multi-country study (Arabic)

Corruption risk in defence and security establishments is a key concern for defence officials and senior military officers, as corruption wastes scarce resources, reduces operational effectiveness and reduces public trust in the armed forces and security services. Part of the solution to these risks is clear guidance on the behaviour expected of senior officers and […]

The 3rd line of defence: How audits can help address defence corruption

The theme of this report is the analysis of corruption risks in the financial and economic activities of the defence and security sectors, based on a review of the audit reports and law enforcement bodies’ reports published in the period from January 2010 to October 2011. The intention was to combine the approaches of external, […]

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Military-owned businesses: Corruption risk & reform

One of the areas of corruption risk we are often asked about is commercial businesses that are owned by the military. This is a surprisingly common phenomenon and is open to a wide range of potential abuses. As there is extremely limited information on such businesses, we have taken a first step to provide an […]

The transparency of national defence budgets

A transparent and detailed budget that is available to the public is key to holding governments accountable to their citizens. Unfortunately, in many countries the defence budgeting process remains opaque and far removed from civilian oversight. The report identifies the main aspects of defence budget transparency, including an overview of current practices and the risks […]