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Evaluation of the functioning and impact of the EU Defence and Security Public Procurement Directive (2009/81/EC) across 20 EU states

This evaluation is based on a review of 8 indicators in Transparency International’s (TI) unique dataset, the Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index, analysing procurement control mechanisms, policies and procedures from 20 European government defence ministries collected during 2014 and 2015. The paper identifies positive and negative practices across countries, as well as the overarching trends analysed […]

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Letter submitted to H. E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Letter submitted to H. E. Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan from Transparency International Defence & Security, Global Witness and Integrity Watch Afghanistan

Letter to Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General, NATO

Letter submitted to Jens Stoltenberg, Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation from Transparency International Defence & Security, Global Witness and Integrity Watch Afghanistan

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Licence to Bribe? Reducing corruption risks around the use of agents in defence procurement

Agents have played a key role in defence procurement for decades and many cases of procurement corruption have involved agents. They are widely recognised as one of the highest risk factors for corruption across the sector but, despite recent changes to the regulatory environment, the risks are as difficult to manage as ever.

Policy Brief: Strengthening Accountability in the Nigeria Defence Sector

Recent scandals surrounding arms procurement have highlighted how corruption in the Nigerian defence sector is threatening Nigerian security. Billions of dollars of equipment meant for soldiers to fight Boko Haram have allegedly been misappropriated by top-level defence and security officials, eroding the armed forces’ ability to respond to conflict and endangering the lives of Nigerian […]

Corruption & Peace Operations: Risks and recommendations for Troop Contributing Countries and the United Nations

Corruption is a key driver of conflict and instability and poses a direct threat to the successful implementation of peacekeeping mandates. As the Report of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations recognises, corruption provides financing for organised criminal groups, leads to violent extremism and public unrest, and can undo years of peacekeeping efforts. Recently […]

Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index 2015

The Defence Companies Anti-Corruption Index 2015 measures the transparency and quality of ethics and anti-corruption programmes of 163 defence companies from 47 countries.

Security assistance, corruption and fragile environments: Exploring the case of Mali 2001-2012

In this study Transparency International’s London-based Defence and Security Programme explores in some detail how security assistance programmes fared in an environment affected by corrupt practices and the nexus of corruption and criminality. The case study here is security assistance provided to the Malian Army by the U.S. and France in 2001-2012, i.e. prior to […]

Advocating for Peace, Justice and Security in Honduras

Honduras is among the poorest and most unequal countries in the world and suffers from the world’s highest homicide rate. Corruption is also a problem, which, added to the perception of insecurity, has had the effect of eroding confidence in the country’s institutions. As a direct result of these dire conditions, Alianza por la Paz […]

MSC 2015: Corruption Threats to Stabilisation Missions and Defence Capacity Building

The effectiveness of international interventions and defence capacity building programmes is at considerable risk from corruption threats in countries being supported. Corruption can not only reduce the chances of success of the mission, but can also lead to complete subversion of its intent. This paper discusses ways in which the international community can better recognise […]

Suspension & Debarment: Strengthening integrity in international defence contracting

How can governments protect themselves from corruption in the contracting process, without becoming overburdened by long and detailed legal processes? This report offers a new option: suspension and debarment systems. Suspension and debarment systems protect governments from engaging doing business with contractors who pose a business risk by preventing them from participating in government contracts […]

Avgustina Tzvetkova: An interview with the Deputy Defence Minister of Bulgaria 2009 – 2013

This interview with Avgustina Tzvetkova, former Bulgarian Deputy Minister of Defence, analyses the experiences from Bulgaria’s Defence Integrity Initiative between 2009 to 2013. Many important anti-corruption reform measures were introduced by the Ministry of Defence in this period, even though they were not continued by the subsequent government. The purpose of this interview is to […]

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